Herniation Of The Nucleus Pulposus

(Jammed, ruptured or prolapsed intervertebral disc)

A herniation of the nucleus pulposus is the incident of an intervertebral disc through a crack in the surrounding annulus fibrosus. The crack causes pain; when the disc exerts pressure on an adjacent nerve root, this results in a segmental radiculopathy with paresthesias and paresis in the innervation of the affected root. The diagnosis is usually done by MRI or CT. Treatment of mild cases is performed as needed with analgesics. Bed rest is rarely displayed. Patients with progressive or severe neurological deficits, intractable pain or Sphinkterstörungen may require an immediate or elekiven surgery (z. B. discectomy, laminectomy).

(See also summary of disorders of the peripheral nervous system.)

A herniation of the nucleus pulposus is the incident of an intervertebral disc through a crack in the surrounding annulus fibrosus. The crack causes pain; when the disc exerts pressure on an adjacent nerve root, this results in a segmental radiculopathy with paresthesias and paresis in the innervation of the affected root. The diagnosis is usually done by MRI or CT. Treatment of mild cases is performed as needed with analgesics. Bed rest is rarely displayed. Patients with progressive or severe neurological deficits, intractable pain or Sphinkterstörungen may require an immediate or elekiven surgery (z. B. discectomy, laminectomy). (See also summary of disorders of the peripheral nervous system.) The vertebrae are separated by cartilaginous discs, which consist of an outer annulus fibrosus, and an inner nucleus pulposus. If degenerative changes result (with or without trauma) to a protrusion or rupture of the nucleus through the annulus fibrosus in the lumbosacral and cervical region, the nucleus prolapse by posterolateral or posterior in the extradural space. A radiculopathy occurs when leaked disc tissue compresses the nerve root or irritated. A posterior protrusion can compress the spinal cord or cauda equina, especially in congenital spinal canal narrow (spinal stenosis). In the lumbar area> 80% of Bandscheibenrupturen affect the nerve root L5 or S1; in the cervical area are C6 and C7 the most susceptible segments. Herniated discs are common. Symptoms and complaints herniated discs often produce no symptoms indicate or they can cause symptoms and signs in the innervation of the affected nerve roots. The pain usually occurs suddenly, and the back pain are typically relieved by bed rest. In contrast, nerve root pain begin by epidural tumor or abscess creeping, and the back pain is made worse by bed rest. In patients with a lumbosacral incident raising the outstretched leg can stretch the lower lumbar roots and a back or leg pain cause (both sides when the incident is centrally located); Extending the knee while sitting also causes pain. A cervical incident causes pain during flexion or tilting of the neck. , A compression of the cervical cord manifests itself when it is chronically, by spastic paralysis of the lower limbs, and if it is acute, it causes a quadriplegia. A compression of the cauda equina often leads to urinary retention or incontinence due to the failure of the sphincter function. Herniation © Springer Science + Business Media var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/546-herniated-disk-s140-words-removed-springer-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350 ‘imageUrl:’ /-/media/manual/professional/images/546-herniated-disk-s140-words-removed-springer-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0 ‘, title:’ herniated ‘description’ u003Ca id = “v37896616 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eVergleich from normal anatomy (blue arrows) and anatomy at lubalem herniated disc at a T-2-weighted MRI scan. The herniated disc

Health Life Media Team

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