Heat Cramps

Heat cramps are painful, convulsive muscle spasms that usually occur in highly trained muscles in hot and humid environments

Although exercise can also cause spasms in cool weather, such seizures have nothing to do with heat and probably show a lack of fitness to. In contrast, heat cramps can occur in people in physically good condition, the sweat and abundant, but not replace the water lost to the salt, resulting in hyponatremia. Heat cramps are common in the following categories:

Heat cramps are painful, convulsive muscle spasms that usually occur in highly trained muscles in hot and humid environments. Although exercise can also cause spasms in cool weather, such seizures have nothing to do with heat and probably show a lack of fitness to. In contrast, heat cramps can occur in people in physically good condition, the sweat and abundant, but not replace the water lost to the salt, resulting in hyponatremia. Heat cramps are common in the following categories: artisans (. Eg engine room personnel, steelworkers, roofers, miners) trainees in the military sportsmen The cramps occur suddenly, usually in the muscles of the extremities. Cramps can occur during or after exercise. Severe pain and Karpopedalspasmen can put hands and feet out of action. The temperature is normal and other findings are unchanged. The spasm usually lasts a few minutes to hours. The diagnosis is made by history and clinical investigation. Treatment cramps can be immediately alleviated by vigorous passive stretching of the affected muscle (z. B. dorsiflexion of the ankle with calf cramp). The patient should rest in a cool environment. Fluid and electrolytes should be administered orally (1-2 liters of water with 10 g of [2 teaspoons] saline or sufficient amounts of a commercially available sports drink), or if oral administration is not possible, be replaced intravenously (1-2 l of 0.9% saline ). Adequate ventilation, acclimatization and appropriate management of salt household help to avoid cramps.

Health Life Media Team

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