There are many drugs that are available for patients with heart disease. It’s important for people who are living with heart disease, and those who care for them to understand the type of medication that is being prescribed. Critical to this understanding is following directions of usage, recognising possible sided effects, and notifying your doctor. The most commonly prescribe medicines include:
ACE Inhibitors: ACE inhibitors dilates (widens) the arteries to lower blood pressure and make it easier for the heart to pump blood through various parts of the body. ACE helps provide less stress on the heart. They may also block harmful actions from then the endocrine system that occur with heart failure. Some Common ACE inhibitors include:
Prinivil, Zestril (lisinopril)
ACE inhibitors are usually directed to take on an empty stomach, one hour before you eat. You should always follow the lab directions on how often to take these. The number of does you should take each day and the time between the dose will depend on which type of inhibitor you are prescribed.
Aldosterone Inhibtor: Eplerenone (Inspra) and spironolactone (aldosterone) and eplerenone are potassium-sparing diuretics. They can be given to reduce the inflammation and water build-up caused by heart failure. Diuretics cause the kidneys to send excess water and salt from blood and tissues into the urine.
Aldosterone inhibitors may also improve heart failure systems still present despite the use of other treatments. These medications protect the heart by preventing chemical aldosterone in the body that causes salt and fluid build-up from entering the heart area. This medication is used to treat patients with particular types of severe heart failure.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs) These are used to decreased blood pressure in people with heart failure. ARB’s reduce certain chemicals that shrink the blood vessels so blood can flow through more easily throughout the body. The also decrease chemicals that cause salt and fluid build up.
Beta-blockers – these medications block the effects of adrenaline (epinephrine) thus improving the ability of the heart to perform. Beta-blockers decrease the production of detrimental substances created by the body in response to heart failure. These drugs cause the heart to beat slower and with force, reducing blood pressure.
Calcium Channel Blockers: This medication is prescribed to treat chest pain or angina and High blood pressure. Calcium channel blockers impact the movement of calcium in the cells of the heart as well as blood vessels. As the channel blocker relax blood vessels and increase the supply of blood and oxygen, the stress on the heart is reduced because it does not have to work so hard.
Calcium channel blockers are only used in heart failure caused by high blood pressure when other medications do not work. Certain calcium channel blockers are used for different types of heart failure.
Cholesterol – lowering drugs help your body build new cells, produce hormones, and insulate nerves. However, inflammation may lead to high levels of cholesterol build-up along the walls of the parties, which will increase the risk of a heart attack and stroke.
Some also have a genetic predisposition to high cholesterol levels, so these people may need to take drugs such as statins in addition to a healthier diet to reduce the risk of atherosclerosis.
Digoxin: Digoxin helps a heart that is injured or weakened to work more efficiently and send blood through the body. It strengthens the force of the hearts muscle’s contraction and may enhance blood circulation. It can also be prescribed for a person who has atrial fibrillation, or an irregular heartbeat rhythm to help decrease the heart rate.
Diuretics: Diuretics also know as water pills. This medications causes the kidney to get rid of excess water and salt from the tissues and the bloodstream into the urine. Getting rid of unneeded fluid make it easier for the heart to pump. Diuretics are used to treat people with high blood pressure and reduce the swelling and water build-up causes by different medical conditions, including heart failure. They also make breathing easier.
Inotropic Therapy: Inotropic therapy is used to help stimulate a weakened or injured heart to pump harder, to send blood through the boy. It also helps increase the force of the heart muscle’s contractions and releases constructed blood vessels for the blood to flow smoothly. INntropic therapy also helps speed up the heart’s rhythm.
Inotropic therapy is used in the used in end-stage heart failure to help relieve and control heart failure system. These are only used when o other medication can control heart failure symptoms.
Potassium or Magnesium: Potassium and magnesium are minerals that can be lost because increased urination when taking directions. Low levels in the body are associated with abnormal heart rhythms. Some people take them as supplements directed by their doctor.
Proprotein Convertase Subtilisin Kexin Type 9 (PCSK9) Inhibitors – These are a new class of cholesterol-lowering medications, which are used in a patient that can not control their cholesterol through statin treatments or diet. These drugs block the lower protein PCSK9, which hinders the liver’s ability to remove LDL-cholesterol from the blood. The medication dramatically reduced the amount fo harmful LDL circulating in the bloodstream.
Vasodilators – Vasodilators are used to treat heart failure and control high blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow smoothly through the body. Vasodilators are prescribed for patients who can not take ACE inhibitors.
Warfarin – is an anticoagulant medication – which means an anti-blood clotting medication. Warfarin helps prevent clots from forming in the blood.
A person prescribed warfarin because the body is making blood clots, or the patient has a medical condition; that develops unwanted blood clots. Blood clots can move throughout the body and cause serious medical problems. Warfarin does not dissolve blood clots but over time, the clot will dissolve on it boys own. Warfarin may prevent clots form forming.