Ginseng

Ginseng is the name of an entire plant family. Dietary supplements are obtained from American (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng), as Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) does not contain the elements of the other two forms, which are regarded as the active ingredients and used as a dietary supplement.

(See also nutritional supplements Overview.) Ginseng is the name of an entire plant family. Dietary supplements are obtained from American (Panax quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng), as Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) does not contain the elements of the other two forms, which are regarded as the active ingredients and used as a dietary supplement. Ginseng root can fresh or dried, be taken as an extract or solution in the form of capsules, tablets, soda and tea or used for cosmetics. The active ingredients in American ginseng are the Panaxoside (saponins). The active ingredients in Asian ginseng are ginsenosides (Triterpenoidglykoside). Many ginseng products contain little or no detectable agents. In very few cases, some ginseng preparations from Asia were deliberately mixed with mandrake root to induce vomiting or with the substances phenylbutazone or aminopyrine. These drugs have been removed in the US because of the significant side effects from the market. Assertions They say ginseng can increase the physical (as well as sexual) and mental performance and act adaptogen and improving adaptability (z. B. by stronger energy and resistance to harmful effects of stress and age). Ginseng should also lower plasma glucose levels and HDL (high density lipoproteins), can increase Hb (hemoglobin) and protein concentrations, as an immunostimulant, anti-cancer agent and heart tonic effect and have endocrine, CNS and estrogenic effects. Another claim are possible positive effects on immune function. Evidence studies on ginseng are all by z. As small size and limited in number. Such studies have shown improvement in immune function (1) anti-carcinogenic effects (2) Reduces blood sugar levels (3) evidence of cognitive function (3-5) A Canadian study showed that a polysaccharide extract P. quinquefolius in preventing colds help (6). A Cochrane review of 2010 on nine randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials investigated the efficacy and side effects of ginseng supplementation to improve cognitive function in healthy volunteers (eight trials) and in those with age-related memory disorders (1 test) ( 5). The analysis showed no serious adverse effects with ginseng supplement, but there was no convincing evidence for improved cognitive function in healthy volunteers or people diagnosed with dementia. Larger trials are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of ginseng. Also, further evaluation of the compounds found in supplements are necessary to determine the components that are responsible for the observed beneficial effects. There is no evidence to support the other health claims for ginseng. If side effects during the first days of nervousness and irritability occur, they leave soon after again. The concentration may be limited and the plasma glucose may drop remarkably, which then leads to hypoglycemia. Because of the estrogen-like effect either pregnant or nursing women or children should not take ginseng. Occasionally serious side effects such as asthma attacks, increased blood pressure, palpitation, and uterine bleeding has been reported (after menopause). Many people do not just taste ginseng pleasant. Drug interactions ginseng may interact with glucose-lowering agents, aspirin and other NSAIDs, corticosteroids, digoxin, estrogen, MAO inhibitors and warfarin have. Information on ginseng Assinewe VA, amason JT, Aubry A, et al. Extractable polysaccharides of Panax quinquefolius L. (North American ginseng) root stimulate TNF-alpha production by alveolar macrophages. Phytomedicine 9 (5): 398-404, 2002. Yun TK.Experimental and epidemiological evidence on non-organ-specific cancer preventive effect of Korean ginseng and identification of active compounds. Mutat Res 523-524: 63-74, 2003. Reay JL, Kennedy DO, Scholey AB. Single doses of Panax ginseng (G115) reduce blood glucose levels and improve cognitive performance during sustained mental activityJ Psychopharmacol 19 (4): 357-365, 2005. Kim J, Chung SY, Park S, et al. Enhancing effect of HT008-1 on cognitive function and quality of life in cognitively healthy adults DECLINED: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, trial. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 90 (4): 517-524, 2008. Geng J, Dong J, Ni H, et al. Ginseng for cognition. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (12): CD007769, 2010. Perdy GN, Goel V, Lovlin R, et al. Efficacy of an extract of North American ginseng Containing poly-furanosyl-pyranosyl-saccharides for Preventing upper respiratory tract infections: a randomized controlled trial. CMAJ 173 (9): 1043-1048., 2005

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