Gestational

The best way to determine the gestational age, are prenatal sonography and menstrual history. Doctors can estimate the gestational age during the physical examination of the newborn (first hours of life) with the new Ballard score (assessment of gestational age-new Ballard score). The Ballard score is based on the physical and neuromuscular maturity of the newborn and can be used up to 4 days after birth (in practice, the Ballard score is usually used in the first 24 hours). The neuromuscular components are consistent over time, because the physical components mature rapidly after birth. However, the neuromuscular components by diseases and drug (e.g., as magnesium sulphate, which is given during labor) can be influenced.

Gestational age and growth parameters (growth parameters in newborns) help to identify the risk of neonatal pathology. Gestational (menstrual age, postmenstrual age) is the time that has passed since the beginning of the last menstrual period of the woman; it is usually counted in weeks. Since it is not based on the moment of fertilization, which is difficult to determine (except when fertilization is performed in vitro), the gestational age is not the actual age of the fetus. The gestational age is the primary determinant of organ maturity. The best way to determine the gestational age, are prenatal sonography and menstrual history. Doctors can estimate the gestational age during the physical examination of the newborn (first hours of life) with the new Ballard score (assessment of gestational age-new Ballard score). The Ballard score is based on the physical and neuromuscular maturity of the newborn and can be used up to 4 days after birth (in practice, the Ballard score is usually used in the first 24 hours). The neuromuscular components are consistent over time, because the physical components mature rapidly after birth. However, the neuromuscular components by diseases and drug (e.g., as magnesium sulphate, which is given during labor) can be influenced. In order to obtain the total value assessment of gestational age-new Ballard score values ??from the neuromuscular and physical areas are added. (Adapted from Ballard JL, Khoury JC, Wedig K, et al: New Ballard score, expanded to include extremely premature infants The Journal of Pediatrics 119 (3): 417-423, 1991; with permission of CV Mosby Company.). Based on the gestational age of each newborn is classified as Prematurely: <34 weeks of pregnancy (premature infant child) late early: 34 to <37 weeks (late preterm) control time, early: 37 0/7 weeks to 38 6/7 weeks recovery time: 39 0/7 weeks to 40 6/7 weeks recovery time, late 41 0/7 weeks after the regulation time to 41 6/7 weeks: 42 0/7 weeks and later Overripe:> 42 weeks (Transmitted child)

Health Life Media Team

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