Looking at an adult foot from the inside you will notice that there is normally an upward curve in the middle. The upward curve of the foot is called an arch. Tendons – which are the tight tissue bands connected at the heel and foot bones – forming the arch. The tendons in the foot and lower leg function together to form the arches of the foot.
When the tendons all pull the correct amount, then the foot creates a moderate, normal arch. When bonds do not pull together properly, a little arch or no arch at all is formed.
You can test yourself to see if you have fallen arches or flat by doing following three steps:
1. Wet the bottom fo your feet
2 Stand on a flat surface where you footprint will show,s such as on a concrete walkway,
Step away and look at the footprints. If you see complete imprints of the bottom of your feet on the surface, you likely have fallen arches.
Many young then have falt feet; a condition is known as flexible flat feet. When a child stands the feet look flat. However when the child rises to his/her toes, a slight arch will appear. Most children will grow up and develop arches.
What Causes Flat Feet and Fallen Arches
For feet in adults can rise from many different causes. Here is a list of possible factors leading to fallen arches.
Abnormal prenatal development that was present from birth
A torn or stretched tendon.
Damage or inflammation of the posterior tibial tendon, which attaches the lower leg and the ankle to the middle of the arch.
Heath problem such as rheumatoid arthritis
broken or dislocated bones.
Other factors that can increase the risk of fallen arches include:
Symptoms of Fallen Arches and flat feet
Many individuals with a flat foot, notice no problems or discomfort and require no treatment. However, others may experience symptoms including:
Feet are painful or achy, especially in area of the arches and heels
Foot movement such as standing on toes is difficult
Back and leg pain
Feet Tire easily
Inside bottom of your foot is swollen.
If you notice any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor.
Diagnosing Flat feet and Fallen Arches
To determine if you have fallen arches, your doctor will look for signs and symptoms and possible cause, through a physical exam.
Checking your health history for evidence of illness or injures that can cause fallen arches.
The doctor will look at the soles of your shoes for unusual wear patterns
Testing the power of muscles and tendons comprising other tendons in the feet and legs and such as Achilles tendon of the posteerios tibial tendon
Taking MRI or X-rays of the feet.
SObesving the legs and foot as you stand up and od simple movements such as standing on the toes and walking.
There is may treatment options for people with flat feet, and fallen arches depend on the severity and cause of the problem. If flat feet cause no pain or other complications, then treatment may not be needed. However you doctor may suggest different options which could be one or more of the following treatment:
Injected medications to lessen inflammation, such as corticosteroids
Orthotic devices, shoe modifications, braces, or casts
Pain relief medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories.
Rest and ice help relieve pain and release
In case your have pain or foot damage that is very severe, your doctor may recommend energy, the following:
Arthrodesis – Fusing the foot or ankle bones together
Excision – Removal of bones and irregualr bony growth
SynovectomyCleaning, the tenors, proectiave coverings
Osteotomy Cutting or changing the shape of the foot bone.
Grafting bone to the foot to create an arch more than natural (lateral column lengthening)
Attaching tendon from other parts of your body to tendons in your foot to help balance the “pull” of the tendon and create the shape of an arch (through tendon transfer.
There are home solutions to prevent or manage pain caused by fallen arches or flat feet. A few techniques that you can try are:
Wear footwear or she inserts that work for the appropriate to your activity.
When pain occurs you should try rest, ice and over-the-counter NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen.
Ask your doctor or physical therapist fo stretches that you can do at home, that can prepare you for actives that will require you to use your foot.
Limit the risk of fallen arches and flat feet, by managing risk for diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity.
Avoid high impact, sports and activities, like road running, hockey, soccer, tennis, and basketball
Ask for help if severe pain interferes with your daily activities.