The average age of the girls in the mutilation is 7 years. The mutilation is carried out without anesthesia. There are four types of female genital mutilation, which are defined by the WHO:
The mutilation of the female genitals in some parts of Africa (usually North and Central Africa) commonly practiced and there is part of old traditions. It is carried out in some parts of the Middle East. According to reports, it is performed in women who experience sexual pleasure, have a reputation of not being controlled, be avoided and can not be married. The average age of the girls in the mutilation is 7 years. The mutilation is carried out without anesthesia. There are four types of female genital mutilation, which are defined by the WHO: Type I: clitoridectomy-partial or total removal of the clitoris and in very rare cases, only the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris (the foreskin) Type II: excision partial or complete removal of the clitoris and labia minora, with or without removal of the labia majora type III: infibulations-narrowing of the vaginal opening by cutting and repositioning of the labia in order to create a sealing except for a small opening for the menses and urine type IV: other-all other operations on the female genitalia, which are carried out for non-medical purposes (such as pricking, piercing, scoring [cutting], scraping and cauterizing the genital area) in infibulation, the legs are then often tied together for weeks. Infibulated women are cut on her wedding day traditionally again. The consequences of genital mutilation or postoperative bleeding and infection (incl. Tetanus infection). In infibulated women recurrent urinary and / or gynecological infections and scarring are possible. Women who become pregnant after they had a female genital mutilation, can have significant bleeding during childbirth. It can have serious psychological consequences occur. Possibly, it is possible to reduce the mutilation of female genitals by the influence of religious leaders and the growing opposition in the affected tribes in the future.