Effort and type of care by relatives depend on economic resources, family structure, quality of relationships and other demands on the time and energy of family members. Family care ranges from minimal assistance (z. B. regular on things to see) to elaborate full-time care. On average, the family care for older adults takes about 24 hours a week to complete and about 20% of the time more than 40 hours per week. Caregivers of older people report that 63% of their care recipients have long-term physical and 29% cognitive impairment.
Caregivers play an important role in the postponement and perhaps in avoiding institutionalization of chronically ill elderly patients. Although neighbors and help friends like about 80% of the domestic (physical, emotional, social, economic) help caregivers be made. If the patient is mild or moderate impaired, it is often maintained by the spouse or adult children, the patient, however, is severely hampered, the spouse (usually the wife) is more the caregiver. About 34 million Americans, more than 10% of the US population, have appreciated working as an unpaid caregiver for someone aged 50 or older in the year, 2015. Effort and type of care by relatives depend on economic resources, family structure, quality of relationships and other demands on the time and energy of family members. Family care ranges from minimal assistance (z. B. regular on things to see) to elaborate full-time care. On average, the family care for older adults takes about 24 hours a week to complete and about 20% of the time more than 40 hours per week. Caregivers of older people report that 63% of their care recipients have long-term physical and 29% cognitive impairment. Although in society rather dominates the view, family members had to attend a responsibility to one another, vary the limits of the commitment of children and spouse among cultures, from family to family and between the family members. The maintenance willingness of members can be strengthened through support services (eg. As technical support when learning new skills, consultancy, services for the family mental health) and additional services (eg. As personal care [help with personal hygiene, eating and tighten], home care, adult day care, meal delivery). Additional services can be provided on a regular basis or as short-term care for a few hours or days. Changes in demographics and social values ??have led to the number of family members who care for dependent older relatives, has reduced for the following reasons: Extended service life: As a result, the population of very elderly has increased. Thus, their children, the potential caregivers, probably are also old. Delayed reproduction: In combination with the increased life expectancy this delay has created a sandwich generation caregivers who take care of their children and to their parents at the same time. Increasing mobility and increased divorce rate: As a result, families are more spatially separated and the family ties are more complex. Nevertheless, 80% of people ? 65 years living at a distance of 20 minutes to one of their children. An increasing number of women in the labor force: women could take care of their elderly parents so far, however, the claims of employment can lead to them this is less or no longer possible. The number of dependent and very sick elderly people is increasing. These circumstances are forecasting an increase in demand of domestic care services instead of nursing by relatives, friends and neighbors. Although effects of care can be very rewarding, but also have negative effects. Caregivers can cause significant stress (so-called. Care stress) and that can sometimes lead to a feeling of helplessness and exhaustion (burnout in caregivers) or elder abuse subsequent health problems, suffer isolation, fatigue and frustration. Care can also be a financial burden. Couples in which one partner to the other takes care are financially disproportionate generally poor. Caregivers can often be encouraged by doctors, nurses, social workers or case managers or helpful information or strategies to get care tasks. Carers can also do the following to prepare for the care and avoid burnout: The own physical, emotional, erholunsgfördernden, spiritual and financial needs pursue Optionally, other family members and friends to help with the care or support requests External groups find that offer psychological support (eg. as support groups) or help with care (eg. as counseling, home care, adult day care, meal delivery, respite care) if the loved one has hostile or difficult, it should not be taken personally become