Facts About Congenital Syphilis

What is syphilis which is congenital (CS)?

Congenital syphilis (CS) is a disease that occurs each time a mother with syphilis passes the illness on to her baby during pregnancy. Learn more about syphilis.

How does CS affect my child?

CS can have health that is major on your infant. How CS affects your baby’s health depends on how long you had syphilis and if — or when — you got treatment for the infection.

CS causes:

Miscarriage (losing the infant during pregnancy),
Stillbirth (a child born dead),
Prematurity (a baby born early),
Low birth fat, or
Death fleetingly after birth.
As much as 40% of children created to females with untreated syphilis might be stillborn, or die from the infection as a new baby.

For children created with CS, CS may cause:

Deformed bones,
Serious anemia (low blood count),
Increased spleen and liver,
Jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes),
Nerve and brain problems, like blindness or deafness,
Meningitis, and
Skin rashes.
Do all babies created with CS have actually indicators?

No. It is possible that a child with CS won’t have actually any observable symptoms at delivery. But without treatment, the baby may develop problems that are serious. Frequently, these health issues develop in the 1st days being few birth, but they can also take place years later.

Babies who do not get treatment and medication for CS and later develop symptoms on can die from the disease. They might additionally be developmentally delayed or have seizures.

How common is CS?

After a decline that is steady 2008–2012, data show a sharp upsurge in CS rates. In 2016, the real wide range of CS situations had been the highest it’s been since 1998.

General public health professionals around the world are very concerned about the number that is growing of syphilis cases within the United States. You should make fully sure you get tested for syphilis during your pregnancy.

I’m pregnant. Must I get tested for syphilis?

Yes. All women that are pregnant must be tested for syphilis at the first visit that is prenatal the first time you see your physician for medical care during pregnancy). If you don’t get tested at the very first visit, remember to pose a question to your physician about getting tested during a checkup that is future. Some ladies are tested more than once during maternity. Talk with your physician about the number of syphilis cases in your area and your danger for syphilis to determine if you are tested again at the start of the trimester that is third and once more whenever your baby is born.

Remember that you could have syphilis and perhaps not know it. Lots of people with syphilis don’t have any observable symptoms. Also, syphilis symptoms can be really moderate, or be comparable to signs of other health problems. The way in which is just understand for sure when you have syphilis would be to get tested.

Is there treatment for syphilis?

Yes. Syphilis may be cured and treated with antibiotics. If you test positive for syphilis during pregnancy, be certain to get treatment right away.

If you are diagnosed with and administered for syphilis, your medical professional should do testing that is follow-up one or more year to make certain that your treatment is working.

Just how will my medical practitioner understand if my infant has CS?

Your medical professional must think about factors which are several determine if your child has CS. These facets should include the results of your syphilis blood ensure that you, whether you received therapy for syphilis throughout your pregnancy if perhaps you were diagnosed with syphilis. Your physician could also wish to test your baby’s blood, perform a physical exam of your child, or do other tests, such as a tap that is spinal an x-ray, to determine in case your baby has CS.

CDC has tips being certain your doctor how to evaluate babies born to women who have positive syphilis tests during pregnancy.

My baby was born with CS. Is there a genuine solution to treat the infection?

Yes. There was treatment plan for CS. Babies who have CS need to be addressed right away — or they can develop health that is serious. With regards to the results of your baby’s evaluation that is medical, she or he may need antibiotics in a hospital for ten days. In some full cases, only one injection of antibiotic is required.

It’s also crucial that babies treated for CS get care that is follow-up make certain the procedure worked.

How can I reduce the possibility of my baby getting CS or health that is having associated with CS?

Your baby shall not get CS when you do not have syphilis. There are two main things which are essential can perform to safeguard your baby from getting CS and the health issues associated using the infection:

Obtain a syphilis test at your first visit that is prenatal.
Lessen your risk of getting syphilis before and throughout your maternity.
Talk with your physician about your risk for syphilis. Have actually an open and conversation that is honest your sexual history and STD evaluating. Your doctor can give you the advice that is well on any testing and treatment that you may need.

Get a syphilis test at the very first visit that is prenatal.

You can still reduce the risk of CS in your baby if you are pregnant, and also have syphilis. Getting tested and treated for syphilis can prevent wellness that is severe both for mom and baby.

Prenatal care is important to the wellness that is overall health of you and your unborn kid. The earlier you begin receiving care that is medical maternity, the higher the health outcomes will be for you personally and your unborn baby.

At your first visit that is prenatal ask your doctor about getting tested for syphilis. It’s important that you have an open and conversation that is honest your medical professional as of this time. Discuss any brand new or uncommon physical symptoms you may be experiencing, since well as any drugs/medicines you are using, and whether you have got brand new or sex that is multiple. This information allows your doctor to make the screening that is appropriate really. Even you should be tested once more once you conceive when you have been tested for syphilis into the past.

You will need to be treated straight away if you test well for syphilis. Do not wait for your next visit that is prenatal. It is also essential that your sex partner(s) receive treatment. Having syphilis when does not protect you from getting hired again. Also, you can remain reinfected once you’ve been effectively treated. As a result, you need to continue to take actions that will reduce your risk of getting a disease that is new.

Reduce your danger of having syphilis before and through your pregnancy

Preventing syphilis in females and their sex partners is the way that is best to prevent CS.

If you’re sexually active, things that are following lower your chances of getting syphilis:

Being in a long-term relationship that is mutually monogamous someone that has been tested for syphilis and does not have syphilis.
Utilizing latex condoms the way in which is the right time you have intercourse. Although condoms can prevent transmission of syphilis by preventing contact with a sore, you should often understand that syphilis sores take place in areas not covered by a condom, and connection with these sores can still send syphilis.
Also, talk with your doctor about your danger for syphilis. Have an open and discussion that is honest your medical professional regarding the sexual history and about STD evaluation. Your doctor can offer you the advice that is most readily useful on any screening and treatment that you may need.

Remember because sometimes the infection causes no signs, just very mild symptoms, or symptoms that mimic other illnesses that it’s possible to get syphilis and not know it.

Where can I get more information?

STD information and referrals to STD Clinics
1-800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636)
TTY: 1-888-232-6348
In Englishen Español


CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN)
P.O. Box 6003
Rockville, MD 20849-6003
E-mail: npin-info@cdc.gov

American Sexual Health Association (ASHA)
P. O. Box 13827
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-3827