Eye Injuries At A Glance

Eye injuries occur frequently in the household (eg. As when hammering, by household chemicals or detergents), in raids, car battery explosions, sports accidents (incl. Air or shotgun injuries), car accidents (incl. Airbag injuries). The injuries can affect (including muscles, nerves and tendons) or the bony eye socket eyeball (globe), the surrounding soft tissues.

(Retinal detachment.) Eye injuries occur frequently in the household (eg. As when hammering, by household chemicals or detergents), in raids, car battery explosions, sports accidents (incl. Air or shotgun injuries), car accidents (incl. Airbag injuries). The injuries can affect (including muscles, nerves and tendons) or the bony eye socket eyeball (globe), the surrounding soft tissues. A general evaluation includes: tests of visual acuity range of extraocular movement test the visual field by confrontation appearance and response of the pupil position and depth of the eyelid and conjunctival injuries and search for debris anterior chamber depth examination of anterior chamber or vitreous hemorrhage, cataract or red reflex examination of the retina checking of intraocular pressure a close examination of the sclera, the anterior segment (cornea, anterior chamber, ciliary body, iris), lens and anterior vitreous is best done with a slit lamp. Although the direct ophthalmoscopy can examine the lens and the posterior structures of the eye, enables indirect ophthalmoscopy, usually by an ophthalmologist, a more detailed view of these structures. Indications for indirect ophthalmoscopy comprise a clinical suspicion of traumatic cataract, vitreous abnormalities (eg. B. bleeding, foreign bodies) and abnormalities of the retina. The clinical suspicion can in the circumstances of the accident, the absence of red reflex or retinal abnormalities are based that are visible with direct ophthalmoscopy. As a direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy is best carried out with a dilated pupil, approximately 15-30 minutes prior to the examination mydriatics are added dropwise (z. B. 1 drop of 1% cyclopentolate and 1 drop of 2.5% phenylephrine). When an intraocular or orbital debris or orbital fracture is suspected, a CT is made. Simple measures that significantly reduce the risk of eye injury, have eye protection or special lenses such. As with lenses made of polycarbon in a polyamide frame. If eye drops are prescribed, each dose containing only a drop.

Health Life Media Team

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