Eye floaters can be annoying. However, they do not interfere with your vision.
On occasion, large eye floaters can cast a subtle shadow over your field of vision. This tends to happen only in particular types of light.
Most of the time people learn to live with eye floaters and ignore them. Moreover, these often become less noticeable over the months and years. Rarely do benign eye floater become troublesome enough for someone to consider treatment.
However, sometimes eye floaters can be a symptom of a more serious condition or disease. You should contact your doctor immediately to seek medical attention if you notice a sudden growth in the number of eye floaters.
Immediate medical attention is particularly critical if the floaters are accompanied by flashes of light or loss of peripheral vision. If you have some of these symptoms, see an eye doctor right away. If available, choose an ophthalmologist with retinal expertise. Without prompt treatment, you can have permanent vision loss. These symptoms may be caused by
- Retinal Tera
- Bleeding within the eye
- Retinal Detachment
Symptoms of Eye Floaters
Eye floaters, when seen, frequently appear to have some slight. They normally appear to dart away when you try to focus on them.
Eye floater can appear in many different shapes, such as:
- Squiggly lines
- Black or gray dots
- Threadlike strands, which, can be semi-transparent and knobby
- Ring Shaped
Once you develop eye floaters, they usually do not go way. Though they tend to improve over time.
Causes of Eye Floaters
Most eye latter is caused by small flecks or protein called collagen
The back compartment of the eye is filled with a gel-like substance called vitreous humor.
As one age, the vitreous and its millions of fine collagen fiber shrink and become shred-like. Shreds can expand in the vitreous. The clear vitreous gel which ultimately fills the back of the eye earlier in life declines in size and no longer can fulfill this space. It tears away from the retina, and it is often the areas of prior attachment to the retina which are regarded as floaters as they now float freely in the vitreous gel.
These shifts can happen at any age. These changes most often occur between the ages of 50 and 75, especially in people who are very nearsighted or have undergone cataract surgery.
Rarely does eye floater result from other eye surgeries or:
- Eye injury
- Eye disease
- Crystal-like despite that from the vitreous
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Eye tumors such as lymphoma
Serious eye disorder associated with eye floaters include:
- Retinal tear
- Eye Tumors
- Retinal detachments
- Vitreous and retinal inflammation caused by viral infections, auto-immune inflammation, fungal infections
- Vitreous hemorrhage (bleeding)
Also, a unique form of eye floaters is related to the visual aura of migraine headaches. Particular types of migraine headaches can be related to scintillating; kaleidoscope-type visual patterns with some apparent change, but these do not truly resemble the spider web floaters and flashbulb type flashes seen with vitreous and retinal conditions.
When should you seek Medical Attention for Eye Floaters
If you only have a few eye floaters that do not change over time, it normally does not indicate a severe eye issue.
It is important to see an eye doctor if:
- Eye floaters seem to become worse over time, specifically, if the changes are sudden in onset.
- You develop eye floater after eye trauma or surgery
- You have eye pain along with eye floaters
- Your experience flashes of light or any vision loss along with eye floaters.
Eye Floater Treatments
Benign eye floaters rarely reduce medical treatment
If floaters are troublesome, you can move them away from your field of vision by shifting your eyes. This equine moves the fluid in your eyes. Looking up and down is usually more effective than looking from side to side.
If eye floaters are so compact and numerous that they affect your vision, your eye specialist may recommend a surgical operation called a vitrectomy, During a vitrectomy, the vitreous and its floating debris are removed and substituted with a salt solution.
Vitrectomy can have complications such as
- Retinal tears
- Retinal Detachment
The risk of this complication is small but if they occur vision can be damaged permanently. For this purpose, many surgeons will not perform vitrectomy unless eye floaters are causing an extraordinary visual handicap.