Encephalocele

A encephalocele is a protrusion of nerve tissues including the meninges through a skull defect.

The defect is caused by an incomplete closure of the skull (cranium bifidum). The encephalocele usually occurs in the midline on, with bulging occiput or in the nasal passages, but can also be asymmetrical occur in the frontal and parietal regions. Small encephalocele may resemble Kephalhämatomen, but shows the X-ray image of a skull bone defect at their base. Hydrocephalus (hydrocephalus) is often the case with an encephalocele. About 50% of affected children have other congenital malformations. Signs are the visible defect, seizures, and impaired cognition, including the mental and developmental disorder.

A encephalocele is a protrusion of nerve tissues including the meninges through a skull defect. The defect is caused by an incomplete closure of the skull (cranium bifidum). The encephalocele usually occurs in the midline on, with bulging occiput or in the nasal passages, but can also be asymmetrical occur in the frontal and parietal regions. Small encephalocele may resemble Kephalhämatomen, but shows the X-ray image of a skull bone defect at their base. Hydrocephalus (hydrocephalus) is often the case with an encephalocele. About 50% of affected children have other congenital malformations. Signs are the visible defect, seizures, and impaired cognition, including the mental and developmental disorder. The prognosis depends on the location and size of the lesion. Most encephalocele can be eliminated. Especially the big usually only contain heterotopic tissue that can be removed without leaving serious functional disorders. Are also other serious malformations present, the decision is harder in favor of the restoration.

Health Life Media Team

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