Adolescence is a stage of development, mature in children into independent adults. This phase usually begins at about 10 years and lasts until the late teenage or early 20s. During puberty, children go through remarkable physical, mental and emotional development phases. It is a challenge for both the parents and the attending physician to accompany the adolescents in this development.
(See also problems in adolescents.) Adolescence is a stage of development, mature in children into independent adults. This phase usually begins at about 10 years and lasts until the late teenage or early 20s. During puberty, children go through remarkable physical, mental and emotional development phases. It is a challenge for both the parents and the attending physician to accompany the adolescents in this development. Intellectual and social development in early adolescence, the children begin their ability to abstract, logical thinking to develop. This increased complexity leads to increased awareness of themselves and the ability to reflect on one’s own ego. Because of the many noticeable physical changes in adolescence, this self-awareness often turns into excessive self-reflection, coupled with a sense of insecurity. The adolescents also deals extensively with his appearance and his appeal and has a high sensitivity to differences with their peers. Adolescents begin their new skills to reflect on moral issues apply. Children in pre-puberty have fixed and absolute notion of “right” and “wrong.” Older teenagers often scrutinize standards of behavior and to the dismay of parents reject traditions. Ideally, this reflection culminating in the development of their own moral ideas. When adolescents are confronted with more complex homework, they begin iher interests, but also their relative strengths and weaknesses to be aware of. Adolescence is a time to start in the young people to think about career options, but still without a clearly defined goal. Both the parents and the doctors need to be aware, has the skills of young people, need to help him to formulate realistic goals and to be prepared to identify Lernhindernissezu. BeiLernschwierigkeiten, attention problems, behavioral problems ? or inappropriate learning environment can be useful remedial classes. Parents and physicians should promote internships and work experiences that enable older adolescents, virtually meet potential career paths within the school or during the holidays. Parents and physicians should promote internships and work experiences that enable older adolescents, virtually meet potential career paths within the school or during the holidays. These capabilities can help to support young people in their career choices and the choice of training or study. Many young people now begin to show risky behaviors such as speeding. Many young people make their first experiences with sexuality, while focusing possibly risks. Some teens begin in illegal activities such. to involve as theft or consume alcohol or drugs. Experts believe that these behaviors sometimes occur because young people tend to live their skills independently overestimate excessive. Recent neurological studies have shown that the parts of the brain that control impulses, will mature in early adulthood. Emotional development during adolescence, the Gerhirnareale develop and mature, have control over the emotions. This phase is characterized by apparently spontaneous outbursts, which can be challenging for parents and teachers, who often bear the brunt. Adolescents learn over time to suppress inappropriate thoughts and actions and replace them with targeted behaviors. The mental and emotional aspect of growing up is the biggest challenge for the patience of parents, teachers and doctors is often put to the test. Emotional instability is a direct result of neurological development during this period, while the parts of the brain that control emotions have mature. Frustration may also result from the growth in several areas. A key area of ??conflict arises from the need of young people for more freedom while parents, a strong instinct following, want to protect their children from danger. Parents sometimes need this support, their role to renegotiate and their adolescent children to give more rights. In turn, parents should also can expect them to take more responsibility for themselves and within the family. Even in intact families, communication is sometimes difficult. The more problematic it is when the family is separated or the parents themselves have mental problems. Doctors can be a great support by empathetic young people and parents, giving pragmatic and constructive assistance how communication can be improved within the family. Psychological and social development for children is the family the center of social life. During adolescence, the peer group will replace the family as the first social instance. Peer groups are often seen because of differences in clothing, appearance, attitudes, hobbies, interests, and other features that appear more or less trivial to outsiders. Initially, peer groups are usually same sex, but generally the groups in later adolescence are mixed. These groups are so important for adolescents because they give them in critical situations backing and support in their desires and choices. Young people who do not belong to peer group can develop strong feelings of alienation and otherness. Although these feelings have no lasting impact in general, they can enhance the ability to cultivate dysfunctional or antisocial behaviors. On the other hand, the peer group can also be too much been awarded in importance, which can also result in anti-social behavior. Gang culture then is more common when the family or the social environment is not able to build a counterweight to the dysfunctional demands of the peer group. Physicians should investigate all young people to mental disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder and anxiety. Mental disorders are increasing in incidence in this stage of life and can lead to suicidal thinking or behavior. Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia, although they are rare, most diagnoses in late puberty. Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are relatively common in girls, however, are very difficult to detect because those affected go to great pains to hide their behavior and weight changes. Drogenkomsum typically begins in adolescence. More than 70% of adolescents in the US expermentieren with alcohol before they have finished school. Binge drinking is common and leads to acute and chronic health risks. Research has shown that young people who start at a young age with alcohol drinking in adulthood more likely to develop an alcohol dependency. So for example, have young people who start drinking at the age of 13 years of developing a five-fold higher risk of developing alcoholism than those who begin until the age of 21 years. Nearly 50% of US teenagers experiment with cigarettes and more than 40% with marijuana during their school years. The use of other drugs is much less common, although the abuse of prescription drugs such as painkillers and stimulants on the rise. Parents can have a strong positive influence on their children by a good example, for. As by moderate deal with alcohol and do not take illegal drugs. You can clearly represent their children to their values ??and expectations regarding the use of alcohol and drugs. Parents should also teach their children that prescription drugs should be used only as her doctor has ordered it. All young people should be confidential tested for drug use. Appropriate advice should be part of routine health care because it has been shown that even very brief interventions by physicians and health practitioners can reduce drug use among adolescents. Sexuality In addition to dealing with physical changes, the young people have to get used to his role as an adult and learn to classify his sometimes very strong and potentially frightening sexual needs properly. Some adolescents wrestle with the issue of sexual identity and may be afraid to reveal their sexual orientation to friends or family members. Homosexuals, young people can stand when developing their sexuality particular challenges. These young people may feel undesirable or not accepted by their friends when they show homosexual interests. Such pressure (especially in a time when social acceptance is crucial) can lead to severe psychological distress. Fear of rejection by their parents (sometimes rightly) can lead to dishonest or at least incomplete communication between young people and their parents. These adolescents may be ridiculed by their peers and even bullied. Threats of physical violence should be taken seriously and the school management are reported. The emotional development of homosexual and heterosexual young people can be most effectively supported by doctors, friends and family members. Few elements in the human experience combines physical, intellectual and psycho-emotional aspects as much as sexuality. It is extremely important to support adolescents in giving sexuality a healthy frame and to give honest answers to questions of contraception and sexually transmitted diseases. Young people and their parents should be encouraged to speak openly about their attitudes towards sex and sexuality. The beliefs of the parents remain an important determinant of adolescent behavior.