Dermatitis Of The Ear Canal (Chronic Otitis Externa)

Dermatitis of the ear canal is characterized by itching, flaking, peeling and redness of the skin of the external auditory canal. The dermatitis may be caused by allergen exposure (contact dermatitis) or may occur spontaneously (chronic otitis externa, eczematous dermatitis of the ear).

Among the common contact allergens include nickel-containing earrings and cosmetic products (eg. As hair sprays, lotions, hair dyes). Eczematous dermatitis of the ear is more common in patients with Atopieneigung or similar skin conditions (eg. As seborrhea, psoriasis).

Dermatitis of the ear canal is characterized by itching, flaking, peeling and redness of the skin of the external auditory canal. The dermatitis may be caused by allergen exposure (contact dermatitis) or may occur spontaneously (chronic otitis externa, eczematous dermatitis of the ear). Among the common contact allergens include nickel-containing earrings and cosmetic products (eg. As hair sprays, lotions, hair dyes). Eczematous dermatitis of the ear is more common in patients with Atopieneigung or similar skin conditions (eg. As seborrhea, psoriasis). Both the contact dermatitis such as eczematous dermatitis of the ear, with itching, redness, clear (serous) ears secretion, scaling, hyperpigmentation and sometimes also connected fissuring. There may be a secondary bacterial infection occur (acute otitis externa). Therapy avoidance of triggers and / or irritants Usually topical corticosteroids In a contact dermatitis should triggering allergens, especially earrings, be avoided or eliminated. To find out the exact cause, empirical tests are often necessary. Topical corticosteroids (eg. B. 1% hydrocortisone cream or the more potent 0.1% betamethasone) help to alleviate inflammation and itching. Patients should avoid the use of cotton swabs, water and other potential irritants in the ear because they can exacerbate the inflammatory process. Recalcitrant cases can be treated with a brief dose of an oral corticosteroid (eg. Prednisone). Eczematous dermatitis can be treated with a dilute Aluminiumacetatlösung (Burow solution) that is applied to the relief as needed. Under a local Kortikosteroidapplikation is itching and inflammation from (z. B. betamethasone cream 0.1%) weaken. If acute otitis externa occurs, a careful debridement of the ear canal and a topical antibiotic therapy may be necessary. Potential irritants, including water and cotton swabs should be avoided.

Health Life Media Team

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