These include the following indications:
Cystoscopy is to introduce a rigid or flexible fiber optics into the bladder. These include the following indications: Help for the diagnosis of urological diseases (. Eg tumors of the bladder stone formation) Treatment of urethral strictures access to the bladder for X-rays of the ureter or for placement of JJ stents (stents with coiled ends in the renal pelvis and the be placed bladder) The main contraindication is an existing HWI. Cystoscopy is generally an outpatient basis under local anesthesia (urethral application of 2% lidocaine) is carried out or, if necessary, under sedation or general anesthesia. Complications can occur HWI, bleeding and / or bladder and Harnröhrentraumatisierung.