The primary goals of COPD treatment include:
- Relive your symptoms
- Slow the progress of the disease
- Improve your ability to stay active and exercise
- Preventing and treatment of potential complications
- Improve you overall health
It may be recommended that you see a pulmonologist, which specializes in treating the lung disorder.
Quit Smoking and Avoid Lung Irritants
It is critical to stop smoking if you are smoking. You should discuss you doctor about programs and products that can help you quit.
If you have difficulty quitting smoking by yourself, you should consider joining a support group. Many workplaces, hospitals, and community groups offer classes to help people quit smoking. Ask your family members and friends for help if you need it.
You should avoid secondhand smoke and fumes, dust and toxic substances that you might inhale.
IF you have COPD, it is possible to have difficult eating enough because symptoms may cause shortness of breath and fatigue, This is typically an issue with severe cases of COPD.
This can result in you not getting enough nutrients and calories you need, which can worsen the symptoms and raise your risk of infections.
You should discuss with your to you doctor about developing and eating plan that will meet your nutritional requirements. Your doctor may recommend eating smaller, more frequent meals: resting before eating. Moreover, taking vitamins or nutritional supplements.
You should discuss with your doctor the types of activities that are safe for you to do. You may fell that it is hard for you to be active with your symptoms. Although physical activity can help improve your strength and muscles and help you to breath better as well as improve overall wellness.
Bronchodilators will relax the muscles surrounding the airways. This assists were opening the airways and will make breathing easier.
Depending on the seriousness of your COPD, your doctor may prescribe short-acting or long-acting bronchodilators, Short-acting bronchodilators last about 4-5about 4-6 hours and should be used only when needed. Long-Acting bronchodilators last nearly 12 hours or more and used everyday.
Most bronchodilators are used using a device called an inhaler. This device allows the medicine to go straight to your lung. Not all inhalers are utilized the same way. Ask your health care team to show you the correct way to use your inhaler.
If someone has middle COPD, the doctor may only have prescribed a short-acting inhaled bronchodilator in the case; you may use the medicine only symptoms occur.
If your CODP is moderate or severe, you doctor may prescribe regular treatment with short-and long-acting bronchodilators.
If your COPD is more serious, if you have symptoms flare up often, your doctor may prescribe the mix of medication that includes a Bronchodilators and an inhaled steroid; Steroids help reduced airway inflammation.
Normally using inhaled steroids by it is not the preferred treatment method.
Your doctor may recommend doing a trial period, where you are inhaling steroids with the bronchodilator for six weeks to three months to see whether the additional of the steroids assist in relieving your breathing issues.
Flu shots – for flu (influenza) can cause significant problems for people who have COPD. Flu shots can reduce your risk of developing the flu. You should discuss with your doctor getting yearly flu vaccines.
Getting a Pneumococcal vaccine will help lower the risk of contracting Pneumococcal pneumonia and related complications. Individual that have COPD have a higher risk of developing pneumonia than those who do not have COPD. You should discuss with your doctor if you get the vaccine.
Pulmonary Rehabilitation (rehab) is a general program that can improve the well-being of people who have ongoing (or chronic) breathing issues.
Rehabilitation can include a combination of exercise program, disease management education, and psychological and nutrition counseling. The programs goal is to help you help you control aspects of your daily activities and routine.
Your rehab team may include, physical therapist, nurse, doctors, dietitians, excise specialist, respiratory therapist. These health professionals coordinate to develop a personalized health plan that helps you get the treatment you need.
If you have serious COPD and low levels of oxygen in the blood, oxygen may help your breath easier. Oxygen is delivered through the nasal prongs or mask.
You, Amy, need additional oxygen continually or just at certain times. People with severe COPD may benefit from additional oxygen most of the day.
The benefit is doing activities and task with fewer symptoms.
Guard the heart and other organs from damage
Sleep ore during the night to improve alertness throughout the day.
Surgery may benefit Indi duals who have COPD. Surgery usually is the last resort for people who have symptoms that have not improved from taking medicines.
Surgeries for individuals who have COPD that may be related to emphysema include bullectomy and lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS). A lung transplant can be an option for those with very severe COPD.
When the walls of the air sacs are destroyed large air spaces called bullae form. These air spaces can grow large causing issues with breathing. With bullectomy, doctors can remove one or more very large bullae from the lungs.
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery
In LVRS, surgeons extract damaged tissues from the lungs. This helps the lungs work better. In carefully selected patients, LVRS can improve breathing quality of life.
In a lung transplant, your damaged lung is removed as well as replaced with the lung of a deceased donor.
A lung transplant can improve the lung function and quality of life. Lung transplant may have a risk of infection. The surgery can also cause death if the body rejects the transplant.
If you have serious COPD, you should talk to your doctor, about whether lung transplants are an option. You should ask you, doctor, whether there is benefits and risk of this type of surgery.
Potential Complications – COPD symptoms can worsen over time. However then become worst suddenly if you were to get a cold, flu or a lung infection. You may have a more difficult time catching your breath. You may also have chest tightness, coughing, change in the color of the sputum (spot, and fever.
Call your doctor immediately if your symptoms worsen suddenly. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection and other medicines, such as bronchodilators and inhaled steroids, to help you breathe.