Communication Disorders In Children

The communication in children may be due to a problem with the voice, with the hearing, be disturbed with speaking, with the language, or a combination. The diagnosis includes the evaluation of each of these components.

More than 10% of all children have a communication disorder. A fault in one component can affect another component. Hearing impaired, for example, voice modulation and can lead to a disturbed voice. Hearing loss due to otitis media can affect language development. All communications, including voice disorders can affect the academic performance and social relationships.

The communication in children may be due to a problem with the voice, with the hearing, be disturbed with speaking, with the language, or a combination. The diagnosis includes the evaluation of each of these components. More than 10% of all children have a communication disorder. A fault in one component can affect another component. Hearing impaired, for example, voice modulation and can lead to a disturbed voice. Hearing loss due to otitis media can affect language development. All communications, including voice disorders can affect the academic performance and social relationships. Voice disorders More than 6% of school-age children have a voice problem, mostly hoarseness. The cause is often a chronic overuse of the voice and / or loud talking. The most common corresponding anatomical anomaly vocal nodules (vocal cord polyps, nodules and granuloma). Other laryngeal lesions or endocrine abnormalities may also help. Hearing loss can also help by limiting the ability to hear the voice volume and thereby adjust the vocal strength. Nodules usually only by the voice therapy back and rarely require surgical intervention. Hearing impairment For a discussion of hearing impairment, hearing loss in children. Speech disorders About 5% of children who come into the first class to have a speech disorder. In speech disorders speech production is affected. Speech disorders include the following: nasal voice quality: hypernasality is typically a cleft palate, or other structural abnormality that prevents normal closure of the soft palate with the pharyngeal wall, causing (velopharyngeal Insuffizienz- velum insufficiency). Stuttering: Development Conditional stuttering, the common form of stuttering, usually begins between the ages of 2 and 5 years and is more common in boys. The etiology is unknown, but a family history is common. Neurological causes of stuttering are less frequent. Articulation disorders: Most children with impaired articulation have no detectable physical cause. A secondary dysarthria may result from neurological disorders affecting the innervation of muscles or coordination of the speech. Because swallowing muscles are usually affected, dysphagia will possibly noticed before dysarthria is detected. Hearing disorders and structural abnormalities (eg. As the tongue, lip or palate) can also affect the articulation. A speech therapy is helpful in many primary language disorders. Children who have lesions that cause velopharyngeal insufficiency who need surgery and speech therapy in general. Speech disorders About 5% of otherwise healthy children have difficulties with language comprehension or the linguistic expression (called specific language impairment). Boys are affected more often and genetic factors probably contribute. Alternatively, speech problems may be secondary to another disease develop (z. B. traumatic brain injury, mental retardation, hearing loss, neglect or abuse, autism, attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder). Children can benefit from speech therapy. Some children with specific language impairment recover spontaneously. Diagnosis parents can be taught to seek medical attention if their child has an impaired communication (z. B. inability until her first birthday at least two words to say). The assessment should include a neurological and ENT medical examination findings. Hearing and language are assessed; laryngoscopy should be considered when a voice disorder (z. B. hoarseness, breathy voice) is suspected. Important points problems with the voice, with listening, with the speech and / or language (communication disorders) are common and have academic and social consequences. Children whose communication delay appears (z. B. those who are not able to say at least two words until their first birthday), are evaluated. The hearing and speech development are evaluated and laryngoscopy is pulled in children with communication disorders into consideration.

Health Life Media Team

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