Clinical Aspects Of Tumor Diseases

Patients with metastatic tumors often have pain from bone metastases, infiltration of nerves or Nervenplexi and exerted by the tumor or effusions pressure on other tissues. An aggressive pain management is in the treatment of tumor diseases in order to maintain the quality of life is essential (pain treatment).

Malignant tumors can cause pain, weight loss, fatigue or obstruction visceral organs. Death usually occurs as a result of fatigue or organ failure. Patients with metastatic tumors often have pain from bone metastases, infiltration of nerves or Nervenplexi and exerted by the tumor or effusions pressure on other tissues. An aggressive pain management is in the treatment of tumor diseases in order to maintain the quality of life is essential (pain treatment). Symptomatic pleural effusions should be drained and monitored for recurrence. With rapid recurrence of the effusion system of a chest drainage can (such as a pleural drainage is performed) and a pleurodesis or repeated catheter drainage are necessary. The compression of the spinal cord (spinal cord compression) may be due to a tumor spread into the vortex and requires immediate surgical treatment or radiation therapy. The symptoms back pain and paresthesia of the lower limbs, and bowel and bladder dysfunction may include. The diagnosis can be confirmed by CT or MRI. Blood clots in the veins of the lower extremities, which lead to a pulmonary embolism, occur frequently in patients with pancreatic, lung and other solid tumors sowe in patients with brain tumors. Tumors produce procoagulant substances, such as tissue factors, leading to an increased rate of thrombosis, in particular following surgery. To prevent a pulmonary embolism, anticoagulation may be necessary. The consequences of tumors on metabolism and immune system are causing hypercalcemia, hyperuricemia, increased production of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), antibodies, neurological dysfunction, hemolytic anemia and many other paraneoplastic complications (paraneoplastic syndromes).

Health Life Media Team

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