Chronic Infectious Arthritis

The chronic form of infectious arthritis develops insidiously over weeks and is most commonly caused by mycobacteria, fungi or bacteria causing low pathogenicity.

accounts for 5% of infectious arthritis to chronic infectious arthritis. You can develop in otherwise healthy people, however, have an increased risk patients

The chronic form of infectious arthritis develops insidiously over weeks and is most commonly caused by mycobacteria, fungi or bacteria causing low pathogenicity. accounts for 5% of infectious arthritis to chronic infectious arthritis. You can develop in otherwise healthy people, however, have an increased risk patients ((Rheumatoid Arthritis RA)) with RA HIV infection (human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)) immunosuppression (eg. As hematological or other cancers, immunosuppressive drugs) joint prostheses ( prosthetic joint infection) Examples of possible causes are Mycobacterium tuberculosis, M. marinum, M. kansasii, Candida spp., Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Cryptococcus neoformans, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Sporothrix schenckii, Aspergillus fumigatus, Actinomyces israelii, and Brucella spp. Lyme arthritis runs mostly acute, but can also take a chronic and relapsing course. Unusual opportunistic pathogens are possible in patients with hematologic cancers or HIV infection or those with immunosuppressants. A long illness and the lack of response to conventional antibiotics suggests a mycobacterial or fungal origin. In chronic infectious arthritis, the synovium can proliferate and erode the cartilage and the subchondral bone. The onset is often few symptoms, with a gradual increase in swelling, less overheating, little or no redness and often little pain. Usually only one joint is affected. It should fungal and Mykoplasmenkulturen from the synovial fluid and synovial membrane applied therefore to routine examinations. The radiographic findings may differ in the acute infectious arthritis, the joint space is maintained for longer, marginal erosions and Knochensklerosierungen may develop. Mycobacterial and fungal joint infections require longer treatment. Mycobacterial infections are often treated with combinations of antibiotics, guided by the results of sensitivity testing.

Health Life Media Team

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