Under cervical stenosis refers to a narrowing of the inner cervix.
A cervical stenosis can be congenital or acquired. The most common causes are acquired
Under cervical stenosis refers to a narrowing of the inner cervix. A cervical stenosis can be congenital or acquired. The most common causes are acquired menopause Zervixoperationen (z. B. cone biopsy, cauterization) endometrial ablation procedure for uterine abnormalities that cause menorrhagia treat cervical carcinomas or corpus of the uterus radiotherapy A cervical stenosis can be completely or partially. You may be a haematometra (accumulation of blood in the uterine cavity) or, in premenopausal women, lead to retrograde flow of menstrual blood in the basin, which may possibly arise endometriosis. Especially in women with carcinoma of the cervix or uterine corpus, a pyometra can happen (accumulation of pus in the uterine cavity). Symptoms and complaints Common symptoms in premenopausal women are amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, irregular bleeding and infertility. Women in postmenopause can remain asymptomatic for a long time. A haematometra or pyometra can cause an expansion of the uterus or sometimes a palpable tumor. Diagnosis Clinical examination The suspected diagnosis can be made (after Zervixoperation particularly developing amenorrhea or dysmenorrhea) or inability due to symptoms and discomfort to win endocervical or endometrial cells for diagnostic studies (eg. As a Papanicolaou smear). The diagnosis of a complete stenosis is considered safe if you can not enter the uterine cavity with a 1-2 mm thick probe. A cervical stenosis, the symptoms or uterine abnormalities (eg. B. hematometra, pyometra) system requires a cervical cytology and endometrial biopsy or D & C in order to exclude carcinoma. Women postmenopausal, who had no abnormal Pap smears in prehistory, and women with no symptoms or uterine diseases need no further clarification. Treatment dilatation and stenting in symptomatic conditions Treatment is indicated only in the presence of symptoms or uterine disorders and typically includes a cervical dilation and the implantation of a stent.