Cavities

Tooth decay is tooth decay, and the defects produced are often referred to as “holes” or cavities called. The symptoms – sensitive, aching teeth – do not occur until late. Diagnosis is based on inspection, probing the enamel surface with a fine metal instrument and X-rays of the teeth. The treatment consists of removal of the dental tissue concerned and their repair or replacement by different materials. Fluoride, conscientious oral hygiene, sealants and proper nutrition can virtually prevent any decay.

Tooth decay is tooth decay, and the defects produced are often referred to as “holes” or cavities called. The symptoms – sensitive, aching teeth – do not occur until late. Diagnosis is based on inspection, probing the enamel surface with a fine metal instrument and X-rays of the teeth. The treatment consists of removal of the dental tissue concerned and their repair or replacement by different materials. Fluoride, conscientious oral hygiene, sealants and proper nutrition can virtually prevent any decay. Aetiology of caries is caused by acids produced by the bacteria in the plaque. Plaque is first a soft, thin film of bacteria, mucin, dead epithelial cells and food residues of h on the tooth surface within about 24 after cleaning of the tooth forms. Mutans streptococci are a Bakterienartan which multiplies in plaque and can cause tooth decay. Some strains are cariogenic than others. After some time (usually after 72 h) mineralized soft plaque, mainly calcium, phosphate and other minerals, and will calculus (hard plaque or tartar), which no longer can be easily removed with a toothbrush. Risk factors There are several risk factors for caries: Inadequate dental plaque control tooth decay Frequent carbohydrates and sugar in the diet High Säuregehalt- and / or low fluoride area Reduced salivation Many teeth have open pits, fissures and grooves in the enamel, which can range from the surface to the dentin , These defects may be wide enough to harbor bacteria, but too small to be effectively cleaned to. Predispose teeth to caries. The frequent intake of carbohydrates and sugar through diet promotes the growth of plaque forming bacteria. A fast-running caries in primary teeth points to a prolonged exposure to infant formula, milk or fruit juices, typically when an infant or young child the bottle takes to bed (infant caries or “early childhood caries” baby bottle tooth decay). Therefore, should bottles be put to bed, only contain water. A tooth surface is more susceptible to caries when it is poorly mineralized, has a low fluoride supply and / or is in an acidic environment. Typically the descaling starts when the pH drops below 5.5 at the tooth surface (eg. For example, when lactate / acid-producing bacteria colonize the body or when cola beverages are consumed, containing phosphoric acid). Older patients often take medication that reduce the flow of saliva, thus increasing the susceptibility to caries. Older people also have a higher incidence of root caries due to gingival recession, exposed root surfaces and decreasing manual dexterity (resulting in an ineffective oral hygiene). Caries (for examination) Figure provided by Jonathan A. Ship, D.M.D. var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/caries_on_examination_orig_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/caries_on_examination_orig_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ caries (for examination) ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v37894090 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eFrische and recurrent caries in a patient with dry mouth u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e. ‘credits’ figure provided by Jonathan A. ship

Health Life Media Team

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