Cathinone

Cathinone are connections to the stimulant alkaloid from the plant Catha edulis (khat).

The khat plant is native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Its leaves contain cathinone, an amphetamine-like alkaloid. For centuries, the inhabitants of the areas have chewed in the native environment of the plant whose leaves for a mild euphoric and stimulating effects. In these regions, the khat chewing is often a social activity, like drinking coffee in other companies. Recently, the use of khat has spread to other countries and more recently a number of derivatives has been synthesized for drug use based on alkaloid.

Cathinone are connections to the stimulant alkaloid from the plant Catha edulis (khat). The khat plant is native to the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Its leaves contain cathinone, an amphetamine-like alkaloid. For centuries, the inhabitants of the areas have chewed in the native environment of the plant whose leaves for a mild euphoric and stimulating effects. In these regions, the khat chewing is often a social activity, like drinking coffee in other companies. Recently, the use of khat has spread to other countries and more recently a number of derivatives has been synthesized for drug use based on alkaloid. Derivatives are the means known as bath salts, which often contains the substituted cathinones as Mephedron or Methylenedioxypyrovalerone. However, the actual structures change frequently. The products were referred to as “bath salts” and “not for human consumption” declared with in order to avoid a legal challenge. Reported use of substituted Cathinonen, several times a thousand times increased from 2010 to 2011. The physiological effects of the substituted cathinones are similar to those of amphetamines and promote myocardial infarction, rhabdomyolysis, renal failure and liver failure. However, the exact mechanism responsible for organ damage is unknown. Patients may have to violent behavior headache, tachycardia and palpitations, hallucinations, agitation, increased endurance and pain tolerance and addiction. Diagnosis is made by clinical examination; substituted cathinone not be identified by routine urine or blood tests. In patients with severe acute poisoning should generally blood tests (CBC, electrolytes, BUN, creatinine, CK), urine tests for myoglobinuria and ECG should be performed. Sedation with iv Benzodiazepines, infusions and supportive care are usually sufficient. Patients with hyperthermia, persistent tachycardia or restlessness, and increased serum creatinine should be monitored for rhabdomyolysis and cardiac and kidney damage.

Health Life Media Team

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