Wheezing And Asthma In Infants And Young Children

September 3, 2018

Wheezing is a relatively high-pitched whistling sound, which is generated by the movement of air through constricted or compressed small airways. It comes in the first years of life are common and is usually caused by a viral respiratory infection or asthma, but other possible causes include inhaled irritants or allergens, reflux, and heart failure. Recurrent episodes of wheezing are common in the early years; 1 of 3 children has…

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Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome

The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a combined B and T cell defect underlying is expressed in recurrent infections, eczema and thrombocytopenia. (See also Overview of immune deficiency disorders, and approach to the patient with an immunodeficiency disorder.) The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a combined B and T cell defect underlying is expressed in recurrent infections, eczema and thrombocytopenia. (See also Overview of immune deficiency disorders, and approach to the patient with an…

September 3, 2018
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X-Linked Lymphoproliferative Syndrome Inherited

(Duncan’s syndrome) The X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome is a result of a defect in the T-cells and natural killer cells and is characterized by an abnormal sensitivity to Epstein-Barr virus infections. This can lead to liver failure, immunodeficiency, lymphoma, fatal lymphoproliferative diseases or bone marrow aplasia. (See also Overview of immune deficiency disorders, and approach to the patient with an immunodeficiency disorder.) The X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome is a result of a…

September 3, 2018
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X-Ray And Other Imaging Contrast Examinations

The main contraindication in X-ray contrast media studies is a suspicion of a perforation because free barium causes severe irritation to the mediastinum or peritoneum; water-soluble contrast agents are less irritating and can be used in cases of possible perforation. In elderly patients, storage and rotation for optimum positioning of barium and intraluminal air often causes difficulties. X-ray and other imaging contrast examinations are the entire GIT from the pharynx…

September 3, 2018
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X-Ray Contrast Media And Contrast Media Reactions

Iodinated contrast agents may be Radiopaque contrast agents are often used in radiography and fluoroscopy, to distinguish boundaries between tissues of similar X-ray density. Most contrast agents containing iodine. Iodinated contrast agents may be Ionic Nonionic Ionic contrast media, the salts are hyperosmolar as compared to blood. Ionic contrast agent should be used either for myelographic investigations, nor for injections in which it into the spinal canal (neurotoxic risk side…

September 3, 2018
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Zika Virus (Zv) Infections

The Zika virus is a flavivirus that is similar to viruses, dengue fever, yellow fever and West Nile fever. cause. A Zika virus infection is usually asymptomatic, but can cause fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis; a Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause (a serious birth defects) and eye abnormalities microcephaly. The diagnosis is by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or a reverse transcriptase-PCR. posed. The treatment is symptomatic. Prevention includes…

September 3, 2018
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Vitamin B12

(Cobalamins) A nutritional vitamin B12 deficiency develops in inadequate absorption, but he can also relate to vegans who do not use vitamin supplements. Due to the lack creates a megaloblastic anemia, damage to the white matter of the spinal cord and brain, and peripheral neuropathy. The diagnosis is usually to decrease serum levels of vitamin B12. The Schilling test provides insights into the etiology. Therapeutic Vitamin B12 is administered orally…

September 3, 2018
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Waiving Resuscitation (Vaw- Arrangement) And Medical Instructions For Life-Sustaining Treatments

Physicians should discuss with their patients the possibility of cardiac and respiratory arrest and describe the procedures for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the possible outcomes and ask their patients about their preferences. If the patient is unable to make a decision on the revival of an alternate who can make this decision by drawing on previously articulated wishes of the patient in the best interest of the patient. Abandoning resuscitation (VAW-arrangement)…

September 3, 2018
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Vitamin C

(Ascorbic acid) In industrialized countries, a vitamin C deficiency can occur with general malnutrition, but a severe deficiency, which is the cause of scurvy is very rare. Among the deficiency symptoms fatigue, depression and connective tissue damage include (z. B. gingivitis, petechiae, erythema, internal bleeding, delayed wound healing). For infants and babies bone growth is inhibited. The diagnosis is made clinically in general. For the treatment of the lack of…

September 3, 2018
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Warts

(Verrucae vulgaris) Warts are common, benign epidermal lesions caused by infection with the human papilloma virus. They can occur on the body with different morphs everywhere. The diagnosis is made clinically. Warts are self-limiting, usually, however, can and topical or injected substances are treated by destructive methods (for. Example, excision, cautery, cryotherapy, liquid nitrogen). The prevalence of warts is very high in patients of all ages, but mostly children to…

September 3, 2018
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