A volume deficiency or ECF volume contraction occurs as a result of the loss on the total amount of sodium body. The reasons include vomiting, excessive sweating, diarrhea, burns, diuretic therapy and renal failure. The clinical signs are reduced skin turgor, dry mucous membranes, tachycardia and orthostatic hypotension. The diagnosis is made clinically. The treatment consists in the supply of sodium and water. Since water crosses plasma membranes in the…

September 3, 2018