As hyperphosphatemia a serum phosphate concentration is referred> 4.5 mg / dl (> 1.46 mmol / l). The causes include kidney disease, hypoparathyroidism and a respiratory or metabolic alkalosis. The clinical symptoms are caused by the accompanying hypocalcemia and can range up to tetany. For diagnosis, the serum phosphate concentration is determined. The therapy consists of a limitation of phosphate uptake, and the administration of the phosphate-binding antacids such. As…

September 3, 2018