Ventricular Fibrillation

(VF) In ventricular fibrillation (VF) leads to uncoordinated muscle fibrillation of the ventricles without effective contractions. Immediate loss of consciousness and death within minutes are the result. The therapy consists of a cardiopulmonary resuscitation with immediate defibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation is caused by numerous small reentry waves of electrical activity and is reflected in the ECG as ultrafast waveforms to the baseline with different length and morphology (atrial fibrillation in Wolff-Parkinson-White…

September 3, 2018
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Ventricular Premature Beats

(VPB; ventricular extrasystole; PVC) Ventricular extrasystoles (VES) are single ventricular pulses which are caused by a reentrant mechanism within the ventricle or by an abnormal automaticity of the ventricular myocardial cells. VES find very often both in healthy people and in people with heart disease. VES may be asymptomatic or cause palpitations. The diagnosis results from the ECG. Treatment is not usually required. VES referred to, also known as premature…

September 3, 2018
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Urinary Stones

(Nephrolithiasis, stones, urolithiasis) Urinary stones are solid structures in the urinary tract. They cause pain, nausea, vomiting, hematuria and sometimes chills and fever resulting from secondary infection. The diagnosis is made by urinalysis and radiologic imaging, usually helical CT without contrast agent (n. D. Talk .: in Germany first by IUA). The therapy consists of the administration of analgesics, antibiotics for the infection, medical expulsive therapy and sometimes shock wave…

September 3, 2018
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Uterine And Vaginal Reduction

Uterine prolapse means the reduction of the uterus in the direction introitus or beyond. Vaginal prolapse means the reduction of the vagina or vaginal cuff after hysterectomy. Symptoms include pressure and fullness in the vagina. The diagnosis is made clinically. Treatment options include the reduction, pessaries and surgical correction. The severity of uterine prolapse is defined by the plane of the reduction: Uterine prolapse means the reduction of the uterus…

September 3, 2018
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Tumors Of The Orbit

Tumors of the orbit can be benign or malignant, and its primarily within the orbit or secondary developed from an adjacent area, such as the eyelids, sinuses or intracranial area. Orbital tumors can be metastasizing even from remote locations. some types of orbital tumors typically cause a exophthalmos and a displacement of the eyeball in the opposite direction to the tumor. In addition, pain, diplopia and loss of vision can…

September 3, 2018
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Trichotillomania

(Compulsive hair pulling) Trichotillomania is characterized by recurrent pulling out of the hair up to hair loss. Pull patients with trichotillomania or pluck from non-cosmetic reasons repeatedly their hair. Most commonly, hair pulling hair from their scalp, eyebrows and / or eyelids, but also all other body hair can be pulled out. The places where the hair is pulled out, may change over time. Trichotillomania is characterized by recurrent pulling…

September 3, 2018
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Trisomy 18

(Edwards syndrome, trisomy E) Trisomy 18 is caused by an extra chromosome 18 and consists of a mental disability, low birth size and many congenital anomalies, u. a. a pronounced microcephaly, heart defects, a protruding skull base, low-faceted malformed ears and a typical fed kniffenes face. Trisomy 18 occurs in 1 in front of 6,000 live births, a spontaneous departure is frequent. More than 95% of affected children have a…

September 3, 2018
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Tuberculosis (Tb)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic, progressive infection which is often characterized by a lag phase after the primary infection. TB affects the lungs most often. Symptoms include a productive cough, fever, weight loss and malaise. The diagnosis is usually made Sputumabstriche and culture and, increasingly, through rapid molecular-based diagnostic tests. The treatment is always carried out by a combination of various antituberkulotischer drugs which are administered for at least 6…

September 3, 2018
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Tooth Anatomy And Development

(See also. Introduction: The dental patient) teeth, the teeth are divided into incisors canines premolars and molars, usually starting with the right 3. Molar in the upper jaw numbered (The determination of the teeth). The determination of the teeth The numbering shown is the most widely used in the United States. Each tooth has a crown and a root. The canines have the longest and most stable roots. The internal…

September 3, 2018
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Toe Fractures

Most toe fractures are minimally displaced and only require taping to an adjacent toe (buddy taping). Pain, swelling and tenderness are common. A subungual hematoma (between the nail plate and nail bed) is also common, v. a. if the mechanism is a crush injury. Most toe fractures are minimally displaced and only require taping to an adjacent toe (buddy taping). Pain, swelling and tenderness are common. A subungual hematoma (between…

September 3, 2018
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