(Hiccup; Singultus) Under hiccups is understood involuntary spasms of the diaphragm with the following closure of the epiglottis, which controls the influx of air and produces a characteristic sound. Temporary bouts of hiccups are very common. Persistent (> 2 days) and nichtbehandelbarer (> 1 month) hiccup is rare but excruciating. Etiology hiccup occurs with irritation of afferent or efferent phrenic nerves or of medullary centers that control the respiratory muscles,…

September 3, 2018