Cardiovascular Evaluation

A complete study of all organ systems is vital to peripheral and systemic effects of heart disease and of non-cardiac diseases that can affect the heart to recognize. The Analyzes includes:

(See Introduction to the study of heart patients and Herzauskulation.) For a complete examination of all organ systems is vital to peripheral and systemic effects of heart disease and of non-cardiac diseases that can affect the heart to recognize. The Analyzes comprising: vital signs detection Pulspalpation -auskultation and inspection of the veins inspection and palpation of the chest Cardiac percussion, palpation, and auscultation lung examination including percussion, palpation, and auscultation investigation of the extremities and abdomen cardiac auscultation is discussed in a separate topic. Despite the ever-increasing use of cardiac imaging, the examination at the bedside is useful because it is always available and can be repeated any number of times without causing costs. Vital Signs Vital signs Blood pressure are heart rate and rhythm of breathing frequency temperature, the blood pressure is measured at both arms and on suspicion of a congenital heart disease or peripheral vascular disease, also on both legs. The inflatable portion of a blood pressure cuff suitable size comprises 80% of the circumference of the limb, the width is 40% of the circumference. The first audible noise on falling mercury corresponds to the systolic blood pressure. The disappearance of the noise corresponds to the diastolic blood pressure (the fifth phase of the Korotkoff sounds). Up to 15 mmHg large pressure difference between right and left arm is normal. A greater difference can assume a Gefäßabnormalität (z. B. dissected thoracic aorta) or a peripheral vascular disease. The blood pressure at the foot is usually 20 mmHg higher than the arm. Blood pressure measurement JIM VARNEY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/m5320962-bp-measurement-science-photo-library-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/m5320962-bp-measurement-science-photo-library-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0’, title: ‘blood pressure’, description: ‘ u003Ca id = “v37893446 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eDer arm of the patient should rest comfortably and the cuff should be about the heart on be the same height u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e. ‘credits’ Jim Varney / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY’

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