It’s true, as a parent you try to protect your children from every possible danger. The question comes can you prevent your child from getting diabetes. There are two types of diabetes that a child can Type 1 diabetes or juvenile diabetes in children is a condition in which the child’s pancreas no longer produces the insulin that the child will need to survive. In this case, the child’s insulin will need to be replaced It can seem that the diagnosis of childhood diabetes is overwhelming, depending on you’re the age, as your child most then learn to give himself or herself injection, monitor blood count and carbohydrates.
Although children with type 1 diabetes will need consistent care, improvements in blood sugar monitoring and insulin delivery has improved the management of this condition.
The symptoms for type 1 diabetes can start quickly over the course of a couple of weeks. There signs that you should look for such as:
Increased thirst and frequent urination are common signs. As the increase levels of sugar build in the blood stream, fluid is drawn from the bodies tissue to compensate, This may cause a child to become much more thirsty and to have to use the bathroom more often the usually.
Your child may experience intense hunger, without the needed insulin, sugar will not move adequately through a child’s cells’, causing a child’s muscles and body organs to become depleted of energy, this will trigger the feeling of hunger.
Along with the depleted energy a child may feel fatigue, due to the deprivation of sugar, The muscles will feel lethargic and tired.
Weight loss is also a common sign of type 1 diabetes despite eating more due to increased hunger, this can happen quite rapidly. With the energy from sugar, muscle tissues and fat
stores may shrink.
Children may show irritable behavior, that can which they may seem irritable and moody for no apparent reason.
For girls, a yeast infection may develop get a genital yeast infection, and babies can develop diaper rashes caused by yeast.
You should talk to your doctor as soon as you see these signs, to see what should be done.
Although all of the exact risk factors or type 1 diabetes are not known, researchers are still looking for new factors that may increase the risk of getting type 1 diabetes. Doctor’s and scientist now know that people with type 1 diabetes body immune system mistakenly destroys the insulin producing (islet) cells in the pancreas. The genetics of a person will likely play a role.
Insulin is critical for sugar to enter cells. Regardless of the cause, once islet cells are destroyed, a child will not produce enough insulin. Usually the hormone insulin will help glucose enter the body’s cells and provide energy to the child’s muscles and tissues. Insulin comes from the pancreas gland behind the stomach.
If the body’s insulin is working properly, once a person eats, the pancreas, will then secrete more insulin into the bloodstream. As the insulin travels through the body, it acts as key unlocking cellular doors allowing sugar to the other cells and tissues of the body. Insulin helps remove the sugar from the blood to other parts of the body. As the insulin lowers the blood sugar levels , the secretion of insulin from the pancreas also decreases. The liver stores glycogen and release stored glucose when the bodies insulin levels are low, This glycogen is then converted into glucose.
With type 1 diabetes, this process does not occur and there is no insulin or very little insulin to let glucose into the body cells, instead of being circulated throughout the body, the sugar builds up in the body bloodstream. The difference between type 1 and type 2 is that in type 2 the cells are function but the body is resistant top the insulin or, there isn’t enough insulin produced.
The known risk include family history, if a child’s parents or siblings have type 1 diabetes, the risk for developing the condition will increase slightly.
Some kids are genetically susceptible to developing the condition. Certain genes can indicate an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes. In some cases genetic testing, through clinical trails, the likelihood can be determine if a child who has family history of type 1 diabetes is at risk of developing the condition in the future.
There are a few possible risk factors
There is the risk of viral exposure through the Epstein-Barr virus, or coxsackie virus, the rubella or cytomegalovirus may cause the autoimmune destruction of islet cells. Low vitamin D levels may be a risk, since vitamin D have been shown to protect against type 1 diabetes. Also drinking water with nitrates may increase the risk of type 1 diabetes. At the age of 4-7 months is the best time to introduce cereal into a child’s diet.
Treatments and Drugs for Type 1 Diabetes.
The type 1 diabetes treatments require lifetime commitments to monitor blood sugar, insulin and healthy eating and exercise habits. As a child grows so will there diabetes treatment plan. Over the years as you child grows you will need to change his or her meals, dosages and types of insulin. Make sure that you take yours child’s treatment one day at a time. You don’t want to become overwhelmed. You should work closely with you child’s doctor and dietitian and diabetes consoler to make sure you child blood sugar is normal as possible.
You should monitor the blood sugar of your child and decide the insulin therapy depending on your child’s need. You can check your child’s blood sugar at least four times during the day and may need to monitor more. Some blood glucose meters will allow you to test at other sites. To test in the multiple times a day, can help you keep your child’s blood sugar in the target range, this range will change as your child grows. And, your doctor may ask you to keep a log of your child’s blood glucose levels.
With type 1 diabetes, it’s important for you child tor revive insulin. Stomach enzymes will interfere the insulin taken through oral means. By using several types of insulin. By looking at Rapid-acting insulin, such as lispro (Humalog and insulin aspart (Novolog) and starts to work five to 15 minutes and peaks after an hour.
Short acting insulin such as human insulin (Humulin R, Novolin R, others), starts working around 30 minutes after the child receives an injection and will often peak in two to four hours.
Long activing insulin such as insulin glargine (Lantus) and insulin detemir (Levemir), has normally does not peak and last about 20 to 26 hours.
Intermediate-acting insulin is NPH insulin (Humulin N, Novolin N) starts working about 30 minutes to an hour after the heights of four to six hours.
There are multiple delivery options, such as fine needle and syringe with an insulin pin, this device can look like an ink pen, A insulin pump may also be an option. A pump is a device ins size of cell phone ownr on the out side of the body. A wirless pump can use small pods filled with insulin in another available option.
Healthy eating is very important; however, there is no such thing as a diabetes diet. Your child should not be restricted to only eating bland foods for the rest of their life. It’s important to eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains, You child’s food should offer nutrition that is low in fat and calories. Your child’s dietitian will be able to suggest food that your child should eat. By having less animal products, sweets, fried foods and sugary foods your child will experience less swings and blood glucose. Even with a rigid diet, your child may experience unpredictable changes in his or her blood sugar, You should have make sure that your child has some flexibity in there diet. Teaching your child that a healthy variety of foods in moderation is the best way to counter diabetes glucose extremes.
Every child needs physical activity, even children with type 1 diabetes. Exercise is a healthy thing for them just remember the physical activity tends to lower the body’s blood sugar level, and can be affect up to 12 hours after exercise, you should check your child’s blood sugar before and after the physical activity. You can adjust your child’s meal to compensate for the additional physical activity.