Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (Bpd)

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a chronic lung disease that is usually caused by prolonged mechanical ventilation and is determined by the prematurity and the amount of O2 demand of the newborn.

Of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is when in a premature infant who suffers else under any other condition that would make an O2 administration needed (eg. As pneumonia [pneumonia in newborns], congenital heart disease), the additional administration is required of O2.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a chronic lung disease that is usually caused by prolonged mechanical ventilation and is determined by the prematurity and the amount of O2 demand of the newborn. Of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is when in a premature infant who suffers else under any other condition that would make an O2 administration needed (eg. As pneumonia [pneumonia in newborns], congenital heart disease), the additional administration is required of O2. Etiology of BPD has a multifactorial etiology. Among the significant risk factors include Mechanical ventilation High levels of inspired O2 infection (z. B. chorioamnionitis or sepsis) apnea of ??prematurity Other risk factors include Pulmonary interstitial emphysema high inspiratory airway pressures Large tidal volume Repeated alveolar Increased airway resistance Increased pulmonary artery pressures Male gender The lungs of premature babies are more prone to inflammatory changes by mechanical ventilation. The development of normal lung architecture is interrupted; fewer and larger alveoli develop and the interstitium is thickened. In addition, the pulmonary vasculature unusually developed with fewer and / or abnormally distributed alveolar capillaries; lung resistance can be increased, and pulmonary hypertension (Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn) can develop. Characteristic diagnostic criteria of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) radiological findings BPD is usually suspected when a beatmetes child can not be weaned from the O2 supply, ventilation, or both. Infants usually develop a worsening hypoxia, hypercapnia and an increased need for O2. If a child can not be weaned from mechanical ventilation beyond the expected time, should be able to present disorders such as patent ductus arteriosus (Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)) or due to the infirmary pneumonia (pneumonia in newborns) are sought , To make a diagnosis, the patient must be at least 28 days for an O2 supply of> 21% have gotten. Specific additional diagnostic criteria (s. Criteria of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development for the diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia *) were obtained from the NICHD developed. The chest x-ray showing initial diffuse haze which is due to exudative fluid accumulation. In the course you can see a multicystic, spongy appearance with alternating hyperinflated, emphysemartigen points, scarring and atelectasis. The alveolar epithelium peels off and macrophages, neutrophils and inflammatory mediators can be found in the tracheal aspirate. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (X-ray and CT findings) © Springer Science + Business Media var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/565-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-s159-springer-high_de.jpg?la= de & thn = 0 & mw = 350 ‘, imageUrl’ /-/media/manual/professional/images/565-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-s159-springer-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0 ‘, title:’ bronchopulmonary dysplasia (X-ray and CT findings) ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v38397422 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eBilder of a toddler who had a previous preterm birth and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. On the left frontal chest X-ray shows in both lungs course reticular pulmonary opacities and hyperinflation. On the right side

Health Life Media Team

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