When a small blood vessel bursts just below the clear surface of your eye, it causes a subconjunctival hemorrhage (sub-Kun-JUNK-tih-vul HEM-uh-ruj) (conjunctiva). It resembles having a bruise on your skin in many respects. Blood becomes stuck because the conjunctiva cannot absorb blood very rapidly. If you look in the mirror and the white of your eye isn’t clearly red, you might not even be aware that you have a subconjunctival hemorrhage.
A subconjunctival hemorrhage commonly happens with no evident eye damage. A blood vessel in the eye might flare up with even a vigorous cough or sneeze. There’s no need to treat it. Although a subconjunctival hemorrhage may appear scary, it often goes away in two weeks or less.
The most prevalent sign of a subconjunctival hemorrhage is a bright red patch on your eyes white (sclera).
Despite their red color, subconjunctival hemorrhages shouldn’t impair your vision, discharge, or hurt. They also shouldn’t cause any discomfort. The only discomfort you could feel is a scratchy feeling on the surface of your eye.
When to see a doctor
Consult your doctor if you experience frequent subconjunctival hemorrhages or another bleeding.
Sometimes a subconjunctival hemorrhage’s source is unknown. One of your eye’s tiny blood vessels might burst as a result of the following behaviors:
- Heavy coughing
- Strong sneezing
An eye injury can sometimes lead to a subconjunctival hemorrhage, such as:
- Rubbing your eye rough
- Trauma, such as an eye injury caused by a foreign item
Subconjunctival hemorrhage risk factors include:
- Issues with blood clotting
- Excessive blood pressure (hypertension)
- Taking different blood thinners, including warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven) and aspirin
It is uncommon for a subconjunctival hemorrhage to cause health concerns. Your doctor may examine your eye to see if your condition results from trauma to ensure you don’t have any additional eye problems or injuries.
Ask your doctor whether there are any preventative measures you may take if the bleeding on the surface of your eye has a known cause, such as a bleeding problem or a blood-thinning drug.
Rub your eyes lightly if you feel the desire to. A subconjunctival hemorrhage can result from excessive rubbing and mild eye damage.
Usually, a subconjunctival hemorrhage may be diagnosed by looking into your eye with your doctor or eye doctor. No more testing is probably necessary.Your doctor could also do the following if you experience recurring subconjunctival hemorrhages:
- Have a basic blood test to ensure you don’t have a potentially dangerous bleeding issue.
- Ask you about your symptoms and overall health
- Take a look at your eyes.
- Do a blood pressure check.
If you have itchy eyes, you might wish to utilize eye drops, such as artificial tears to relieve them. After that, you won’t need any therapy because the blood will absorb on its own in 1 to 2 weeks.
Preparing for your appointment
Your primary care physician will probably be your first stop. When you phone to make an appointment, you could occasionally be directed right away to an eye doctor (ophthalmologist).
To assist you in getting ready for your appointment here is some information.
What you can do
List any symptoms you have, even if they don’t seem connected to the issue for which you made the appointment.
List your most important personal details, such as significant pressures or recent life changes.
List all the vitamins, supplements, and prescription drugs you are taking and their dosages.
Make a list of questions in place for your physician.