Benign Ovarian Tumors

Benign ovarian tumors include functional cysts, and tumors; They usually do not cause symptoms.

Benign ovarian tumors include functional cysts, and tumors; They usually do not cause symptoms. Functional cysts are distinguished from functional cysts two types: follicular cysts: These cysts develop from a Graafian follicle. Corpus luteum cysts: These cysts develop from a corpus luteum. You can Bleeding into the cyst cavity, thereby Ovarialkapsel is stretched and can rupture, the contents leak into the abdominal cavity. They are usually <1.5 cm in size; some are about 5 cm. Usually disappear functional cysts within days to weeks spontaneously. Functional cysts are rare after menopause. Quistes Ováricos var model = {thumbnailUrl: '/-/media/manual/professional/images/ovarian_cysts_high_blausen_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350' imageUrl: '/-/media/manual/professional/images/ovarian_cysts_high_blausen_de.jpg ? lang = en & thn = 0 ', title:' Quistes Ováricos' description: '' credits' ', hideCredits: false, hideTitle: false, hideFigure: false, hideDescription: true}; var panel = $ (MManual.utils.getCurrentScript ()) Closest ( 'image-element-panel.'). ko.applyBindings (model, panel.get (0)); Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)) is usually defined as a clinical syndrome, not by the presence of ovarian cysts. But ovaries typically contain many, 2-6 mm follicular cysts and sometimes larger cysts containing atretic cells. Benign tumors Benign ovarian tumors grow slowly and usually are rarely malignant. These include: Benign cystic teratomas: These tumors are also called dermoid cysts because they consist mainly of Ektodermgewebe, although they are actually derived from all three germ cell layers. Fibroids: These slow-growing tumors usually have a diameter of <7 cm. Cystadenoma: These tumors are usually serous or mucinous. Symptoms and complaints Functional cysts and benign tumors are mostly asymptomatic. Occasionally they cause menstrual disorders. especially in rupture, pain or Peritonitiszeichen a hemorrhagic corpus luteum cyst can cause. Occasionally, severe abdominal pain due to the torsion of a Adnexzyste or Adnextumors of usually> 4 cm in diameter (adnexal torsion) arise. Fibroids may be accompanied by ascites, and in rare cases of pleural effusion. Diagnostic Transvaginal sonography Sometimes tests for tumor markers ovarian tumors are usually discovered by accident, but symptoms and findings may indicate occasionally it. A pregnancy test is required to preclude ectopic pregnancy. Transvaginal sonography is enough usually to confirm the diagnosis. In indeterminate result further MRI or CT often helps. Tumors with radiological Malignitätsmerkmalen (z. B. cystic and solid proportions, surface excrescences, Multilokularität, irregular shape) must be excised. Tests for tumor markers are performed when a lesion requiring excision or when certain tumors are suspected (diagnosis). A commercial product available tests for tumor markers 5 (?2 microglobulin cancer antigen [CA] 125 II, apolipoprotein A-1, pre-albumin, transferrin) and can help to determine the need for surgery. Tumor markers are best used for monitoring the response to treatment and not for screening, for which they do not possess sufficient sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values. For example, tumor marker levels in women, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, peritonitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, or various types of cancer may be incorrectly increased. In women of reproductive age simple, thin-walled, cystic adnexal tumors of 5-8 cm (usually follicular) require no further clarification without Malignitätsmerkmale, unless they persist for> 3 menstrual cycles. Treatment removing selected cysts Sometimes oophorectomy Most of the ovarian cysts <8 cm disappear without treatment; serial sonographic measurements are used to document. If feasible, the removal of cysts from the ovary (ovarian cystectomy) by means of laparoscopy or laparotomy may be required in the following cases: majority of cysts is ? 10 cm and persists for> 3 menstrual cycles cystic teratomas <10 cm Hemorrhagic corpus luteum cyst peritonitis fibroma and other solid tumors oophorectomy comes in the following situations: fibroids, which can not be removed by cystectomy cystadenoma cystic teratomas> 10 cm cysts that can not be separated from the ovary surgically the majority of cysts in postmenopausal women with a size of> 5 cm Important points functional cysts tend in the Re gel to be small (typically <1.5 cm in diameter) to occur in premenopausal women and to break spontaneously. Functional cysts and benign tumors are mostly without symptoms usually. Connect from an ectopic pregnancy by excising perform a pregnancy test to have masses, the radiological characteristics of a malignant tumor (eg. As solid components, growths on the surface, size> 6 cm, irregular shape). You excise certain cysts and benign tumors, including cysts that do not dissolve.

Health Life Media Team

Leave a Reply