Babesiosis

A Babesiosis is an infection with Babesia sp. Infections may be asymptomatic or cause a malaria-like illness with fever and hemolytic anemia. The disease is more severe in asplenischen patients, the elderly and patients with AIDS. The diagnosis is made by the detection of Babesia in a peripheral blood smear, serologically or by means of PCR. The sessions are held as needed with azithromycin plus atovaquone or a quinine plus clindamycin.

A Babesiosis is an infection with Babesia sp. Infections may be asymptomatic or cause a malaria-like illness with fever and hemolytic anemia. The disease is more severe in asplenischen patients, the elderly and patients with AIDS. The diagnosis is made by the detection of Babesia in a peripheral blood smear, serologically or by means of PCR. The sessions are held as needed with azithromycin plus atovaquone or a quinine plus clindamycin. Etiology In the United States triggered a babesiosis most frequently by Babesia microti. The main animal reservoir represent rodents, the most common vector are deer ticks the Ixodidae family. Tick ??larvae infected with the blood meal on an infected rodent, then transform into nymphs that transmit the parasite to another animal or a human. Adult ticks often infested deer and can transmit the parasite to humans. Babesia invade erythrocytes one, mature and divide asexually. Infected erythrocytes eventually rupture and release pathogens that invade other red blood cells. Thus, Babesia may also through blood transfusions, possibly through organ transplants and are transmitted congenitally. Among the endemic areas in the United States includes the islands and the mainland, adjacent to the Nantucket Sound in Massachusetts, Rhode Iceland, eastern Long Iceland and Shelter Iceland in New York City, the coastal areas of Connecticut, New Jersey and individual herd in Wisconsin and the upper Midwest. Babesia duncani was isolated from patients in Washington and California. A currently unnamed tribe, called MO-1, has been reported in patients in Missouri. Other Babesia species are transferred to Europe from different tick species. In Europe, B. divergens the main cause of babesiosis in patients who have had a splenectomy. Ixodes ticks infected with Babesia, are sometimes additionally with Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease causing), Anaplasma phagocytophila (human Granulozytenanaplasmose [HGA] cause) or B. miyamotoi (which cause a HGA-like disease) infected. Deer tick. Ixodes scapularis Image courtesy of James Gathany on Public Health Image Library of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/ixodes_scapularis_high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/ixodes_scapularis_high_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ Ixodes scapularis ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v38396330 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eDieses image shows an adult deer tick

Health Life Media Team

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