Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is characterized by the appearance of stained plaques (atheromas), which spread to the lumen of medium and large arteries; plaques contain lipids, inflammatory cells, smooth muscle cells and connective tissue. Risk factors include dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking, familial predispositions, physical inactivity, obesity and hypertension. Symptoms arise when the increasing size or the rupture of the plaque reduces blood flow or disabled; the symptoms vary them depending on which artery is affected. The diagnosis is made clinically and provided by an angiography, ultrasound or other imaging methods. The treatment includes the treatment of risk factors, lifestyle, dietary changes, physical activity, antiplatelet and anti-atherogenic drugs.

Atherosclerosis can all large and medium-sized arteries concern as the coronary arteries, the carotid arteries, cerebral arteries, the aorta, its branches and the large vessels of the extremities. It is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and most developed countries. In recent years, the age-related mortality increased due to atherosclerosis, but caused in 2008 cardiovascular disease, especially coronary and cerebral atherosclerosis, still more than 812,000 deaths in the US (more than cancer and nearly 7 times more than accidents ). The prevalence of atherosclerosis is increasing rapidly in the developing world. As people live longer in developed countries, the incidence will continue to increase as well. For 2020 it is expected that the atherosclerosis, the leading cause of death worldwide.

Atherosclerosis is characterized by the appearance of stained plaques (atheromas), which spread to the lumen of medium and large arteries; plaques contain lipids, inflammatory cells, smooth muscle cells and connective tissue. Risk factors include dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking, familial predispositions, physical inactivity, obesity and hypertension. Symptoms arise when the increasing size or the rupture of the plaque reduces blood flow or disabled; the symptoms vary them depending on which artery is affected. The diagnosis is made clinically and provided by an angiography, ultrasound or other imaging methods. The treatment includes the treatment of risk factors, lifestyle, dietary changes, physical activity, antiplatelet and anti-atherogenic drugs. Atherosclerosis can all large and medium-sized arteries concern as the coronary arteries, the carotid arteries, cerebral arteries, the aorta, its branches and the large vessels of the extremities. It is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and most developed countries. In recent years, the age-related mortality increased due to atherosclerosis, but caused in 2008 cardiovascular disease, especially coronary and cerebral atherosclerosis, still more than 812,000 deaths in the US (more than cancer and nearly 7 times more than accidents ). The prevalence of atherosclerosis is increasing rapidly in the developing world. As people live longer in developed countries, the incidence will continue to increase as well. For 2020 it is expected that the atherosclerosis, the leading cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerotic plaque BSIP VEM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/m1750135-atherosclerotic-plaque-science-photo-library-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ , imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/m1750135-atherosclerotic-plaque-science-photo-library-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0’, title: ‘Atherosclerotic plaque’, description: ‘ u003Ca id = “v38395736 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eQuerschnitt an artery visible with atheroma at the top. u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e ‘credits’ BSIP VEM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY’

Health Life Media Team

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