Atelectasis

Atelectasis is the collapse of the lung tissue with volume loss. Patients may dyspnea or respiratory arrest have if the atelectasis is pronounced. You can also develop pneumonia. Pleuritic chest pain may occur with certain causes of atelectasis. The diagnosis is made by X-ray examination of the chest. The treatment includes the maintenance of cough and deep breathing as well as treatment of the cause.

The natural tendency for open air spaces such as the alveoli collapse is countered by the following:

Atelectasis is the collapse of the lung tissue with volume loss. Patients may dyspnea or respiratory arrest have if the atelectasis is pronounced. You can also develop pneumonia. Pleuritic chest pain may occur with certain causes of atelectasis. The diagnosis is made by X-ray examination of the chest. The treatment includes the maintenance of cough and deep breathing as well as treatment of the cause. The natural tendency for open air spaces such as the alveoli to collapse is resisted by the following: surfactant (which receives the surface tension upright) Continuous breathing (which keeps the alveoli open) Intermittent deep breathing (the surfactant in the alveoli can) Periodic cough (which the respiratory tract freed from secretions) Among the most important consequences of atelectasis include ventilation (with hypoxia and ventilation / perfusion [V / Q] imbalance) and pneumonia. Etiology The most common causes that may cause Alektase are: Intrinsic airway obstruction (eg by foreign bodies, tumors, mucus.) Extrinsic compression of the airways (eg by tumor, lymphadenopathy.) Oppression of breathing or coughing (eg. for example, by a general anesthetic, oversedation, severe pleuritic pain) supine position, particularly in overweight patients compression or collapse of the lung (eg., by large pleural effusion or pneumothorax) thoracic and abdominal surgery are very common causes because they have a general anesthetic, opioid include insert (with possible secondary respiratory depression) and often painful breathing. A malalignment of the endotracheal tube can cause by closing a main bronchus atelectasis. Less common causes of atelectasis include surfactant dysfunction and parenchymal scarring of the lung or tumor. Symptoms and complaints The atelectasis itself is asymptomatic, unless it develop hypoxemia or pneumonia. The symptoms of hypoxemia tend to be related to the intensity and severity of atelectasis. Quickly extensive atelectasis, dyspnoea or even respiratory failure can develop. With slow development and less marked atelectasis symptoms may be weak or absent. Pneumonia can cause cough, dyspnea and pleuritic chest pain. Pleuritic pain may also be caused due to the disturbance, the atelectasis, (for example, chest trauma or surgery) occur. Symptoms are often absent. Decreased breath sounds in the area of ??atelectasis and possibly dullness to percussion and decreased chest excursion can be detected when the range of atelectasis is great. Diagnostic chest X-ray atelectasis should be suspected in patients who have unexplained respiratory symptoms of any kind have, as well as risk factors, particularly recent major surgery. Atelectasis, which (for example that these symptoms include increased risk of complications or significantly affects lung function) is clinically significant is usually visible on X-ray chest image; Findings may include lung opacity and / or loss of lung volume. If the cause of atelectasis is not clinically apparent (z. B. if no recent surgery or pneumonia seen on the X-ray breast image) or another disorder suspected (z. B. pulmonary embolism, tumor), additional tests such as bronchoscopy or chest CT may be necessary. Atelectasis and collapse of the left lung (X) © Springer Science + Business Media var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/ – / media / manual / professional / images / 568-atelactasis-and-left-lung-collapse-S162-springer-high_de ? lang = en & .jpg thn = 0 & mw = 350 ‘, imageUrl:’ /-/media/manual/professional/images/568-atelactasis-and-left-lung-collapse-s162-springer-high_de.jpg?la=de&thn= 0 ‘, title:’ atelectasis and collapse of the left lung (X) ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v37893107 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “” para “” u003e u003cp u003eDieser chest X-ray shows the collapse of the left lung due to a Schleimpfropfes u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e ‘credits’. © Springer Science + Business Media’

Health Life Media Team

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