Apraxia

Apraxia is the inability to run more sense of previously learned motor tasks, regardless of physical ability and motivation, as a result of brain damage. The diagnosis is made clinically, often also includes neuropsychological testing. To identify the causes of an imaging of the brain (eg. As CT, MRI) is initiated. The prognosis depends on the cause and the extent of damage and the age of the patient. There is no specific treatment, but a physical and occupational therapy can improve the function and safety of the patient to some extent.

Apraxia is a result of brain damage (eg., By infarction, tumor or trauma), or degeneration, usually in the parietal lobe, or the projection of webs containing the memories of learned motor patterns. Less commonly apraxia is the result of damage in other brain areas such as the premotor cortex (the part of the frontal lobe, which lies in front of the motor cortex), other parts of the frontal lobe or the bar, or it results from diffuse damage associated with degenerative dementias.

Apraxia is the inability to run more sense of previously learned motor tasks, regardless of physical ability and motivation, as a result of brain damage. The diagnosis is made clinically, often also includes neuropsychological testing. To identify the causes of an imaging of the brain (eg. As CT, MRI) is initiated. The prognosis depends on the cause and the extent of damage and the age of the patient. There is no specific treatment, but a physical and occupational therapy can improve the function and safety of the patient to some extent. Apraxia is a result of brain damage (eg., By infarction, tumor or trauma), or degeneration, usually in the parietal lobe, or the projection of webs containing the memories of learned motor patterns. Less commonly apraxia is the result of damage in other brain areas such as the premotor cortex (the part of the frontal lobe, which lies in front of the motor cortex), other parts of the frontal lobe or the bar, or it results from diffuse damage associated with degenerative dementias. Symptoms and signs Patients can not conceptually grasp yet learned perform complex motor tasks, although they have intact motor, sensory and coordination systems and able to carry out the individual components of motion. Thus, can. Be as patient with a constructive apraxia unable to copy simple geometric figure, although they see the stimulus and recognize, holding a pen and use and can also understand the task. Typically, the patients did not recognize their deficits. Diagnostic tests at the bedside and neuropsychological tests brain imaging tests at the bedside contain calls to the patients to perform everyday learned tasks or imitate greet stop or begin to go comb your hair, mark out a match and blow it out, a lock (z. B. unlock with a key, use a screwdriver or scissors, take a deep breath and hold your breath). Strength and mobility are to be assessed in order to prevent motor weakness and musculoskeletal abnormalities as a cause of the symptoms. A discreet apraxia can be identified by neuropsychological testing or examination by a physiotherapist or occupational therapist. The caregivers should be asked about the ability of the patient in performing everyday activities, especially when doing household utensils are used (eg. As correct and safe use of cutlery, toothbrush, kitchen utensils to prepare a meal, hammer, scissors), and Write. The intracranial imaging (z. B. CT, MRI, with or without angiographic sequences) (z. B. infarction, bleeding, mass or focal atrophy) is for the diagnosis and characterization of central lesions needed. Prognosis Patients advised i. Gen. in a dependency because they need help with daily activities and at least to some extent supervision. Stroke patients can achieve a stable course and even some improvement. Treatment physiotherapy and occupational therapy There is no specific medical treatment. Drugs that slow the symptomatic progression of dementia do not seem to be useful. Physiotherapy and occupational therapy can achieve some improvement in function, but it is usually more convenient to make the environment safer for the patient and ask him tools available that will help him to bypass the primary deficit. Important points Affected patients can learned complex motor tasks not conceptually grasp yet run, except that they are capable of carrying out the individual components of motion. Please do patients normal duties at the bedside, you recommend neuropsychological tests and perform brain imaging through. It should be considered to recommend supportive physical and occupational therapy.

Health Life Media Team

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