Actinomycosis

Actinomycosis is a chronic local or anaerobic hematogenous infection, which is caused by Actinomyces israelii (Note d German specialized speakers.:. In the United States is most commonly A. gerensceriae proven as a cause of actinomycosis). It leads to local abscesses with multiple draining fistulas, a tuberculosis-like sinusitis and a mild septicemia. The diagnosis is made by the characteristic clinical picture plus the medical laboratory pathogen detection. The therapy consists of a long treatment with antibiotics and surgical procedures.

The causative agent, Actinomyces sp. (Most commonly A. israelii), often come before commensal on gums, tonsils and teeth. Most, if not all infections are polymicrobial, however caused, often more bacteria (oral anaerobes, staphylococci, streptococci, Aggregatibacter [formerly Actinobacillus] actinomycetemcomitans, Enterobacteriaceae) cultivated by the lesions.

Actinomycosis is a chronic local or anaerobic hematogenous infection, which is caused by Actinomyces israelii (Note d German specialized speakers.:. In the United States is most commonly A. gerensceriae proven as a cause of actinomycosis). It leads to local abscesses with multiple draining fistulas, a tuberculosis-like sinusitis and a mild septicemia. The diagnosis is made by the characteristic clinical picture plus the medical laboratory pathogen detection. The therapy consists of a long treatment with antibiotics and surgical procedures .. The causative pathogen, Actinomyces sp. (Most commonly A. israelii), often come before commensal on gums, tonsils and teeth. Most, if not all infections are polymicrobial, however caused, often more bacteria (oral anaerobes, staphylococci, streptococci, Aggregatibacter [formerly Actinobacillus] actinomycetemcomitans, Enterobacteriaceae) cultivated by the lesions. Actinomycosis is most common in adult men before and can occur in various forms. Zervikofazial ( “lumpy jaw”): The most common portal of entry make bad teeth is thoracic. As a result of aspiration of oral secretions there is a pulmonary disease. Abdominally: The disease is probably formed by a leak in the mucosa of a diverticulum or the appendix or by trauma. Uterine: This localized pelvic form is a complication in the application of certain intrauterine products (IUDs). Generalized: Rarely, the infection of primary sites spread out, presumably by hematogenous spread. Symptoms and signs The characteristic lesion is an induration, consisting of multiple small, communicating abscesses surrounded by granulation tissue. The lesions tend to form in communication with the skin fistula from which a purulent discharge outlet, which contains “sulfur-like” granules (round or spherical, usually yellowish and ? 1 mm in diameter). The infection spreads to adjacent tissue, but rarely hematogenous. Cervicofacial actinomycosis Image courtesy of Dr. Thomas F. Sellers, Emory University, on Public Health Image Library of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. var model = {thumbnailUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/cervicofacial_actinomycosis_orig_de.jpg?la=de&thn=0&mw=350’ imageUrl: ‘/-/media/manual/professional/images/cervicofacial_actinomycosis_orig_de.jpg?la = en & thn = 0 ‘, title:’ Cervicofacial actinomycosis ‘description:’ u003Ca id = “v38396245 ” class = “”anchor “” u003e u003c / a u003e u003cdiv class = “”para “” u003e u003cp u003eEs shown a drainage from a preauralen lesion originating in the sinus tract u003c / p u003e u003c / div u003e ‘credits’. image courtesy of Dr. . Thomas F. Sellers

Health Life Media Team

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