Acne Medications + Treatments


acne_stages_ENVarious medications can help treat your acne. Drugs can help manage the frequency and severity of acne and outbreaks. Some medical drugs are available. However, your treatment will depend on the acne you have including pimples, blackheads, whiteheads or cystic lesions. These different drugs have an affect on you acne by doing the following:

Unplugging skin pores and stopping them from getting plugged with oil (tretinoin, which is sold as Retin-A)
Reducing the amount of skin oil (isotretinoin)
Killing bacteria (antibiotics)
Reducing the effects of hormones in creating acne(certain oral contraceptive pills for women)

The best medical treatment for acne frequently is a combination of medicines. These may include medicine that you put on your skin (topical) and medicine that you take through the mouth (oral). Alternatively, you may take drugs such s benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin, a gel that contains two topical medicines.

There are several medication choices

Treatment of acne depends on whether bacteria or inflammation are present. Some acne consists only of red bumps on the skin with no open sores ( come Donald acne). Topical cream and lotions work best for the type of acne, But if bacteria or inflammation is present with open sores, isotretinoin, oral antibiotics may work better.

The most common types of medicine that doctors use to treat acne.

  • Benzoyl peroxides, such as Brevoxyl or Triaz
  • Androgen blockers, including spironolactone. Androgen blockers can be useful in treating acne. The medications decrease the amount of sebum (oil) made in your pores.
  • Salicylic acid, including Stridex or Propa pH
  • Topical and oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline, clindamycin, erythromycin, and tetracycline.
  • Azelaic acid, such as the topical cream Azelex
  • Isotretinoin and oral retinoid
  • Topical retinoid medicines, such as Adapalene Differin, tretinoin (Retin-A) and tazarotene (Tazorac)
  • Low does birth control pills that contain estrogen ( such as Yaz Ortho Tri-Cyclen, Estrostep) which work well on moderate acne in females and for premenstrual flare-ups


Benzoyl peroxide is a medicine you use to treat acne. It comes in different strengths in gels, lotions, soaps and liquids.

How does benzoyl peroxide treat acne?
Benzoyl peroxide removes debris skin pores. It also serves to stop bacteria from growing and causing acne pimples and cystic lesions.

At first, acne may get worse; Your skin may get red and peel. It is not a quick fix. You may require using the product for a long as 4 to 6 weeks before your acne begins improving.

Does it have side effects?

Side effects of benzyl peroxide for some people include:
Slight stinging or tingling
Skin the feels room
Dry or peeling skin

While using a product that includes benzoyl peroxide, call a doctor if you develop

Redness
Swelling
Blisters or a burning feeling
Itching a rash

Who should not apply this product

Talk to a doctor before letting a child younger than the age of 12 use medication that contains benzoyl peroxide.

Where can you get benzoyl peroxide?

You can buy products that include benzoyl peroxide in the pharmacy or grocery store. Look outside the packaging to see the strength of benzoyl peroxide as the effective ingredient. Concentrations range from 2.5% to 10% benzoyl peroxide. Start with the lowest strength to see how your skin reacts. Brands include Triaz and Brevoxyl.


Salicylic acid is an active element in some nonprescription acne treatments. When you utilize it to your skin, it dries up blackheads, pimples or whiteheads. It also causes the top layer of the skin to peel.

Products that contain salicylic acid can trigger mild redness, and tingle of the skin. Use them less often if you see that your skin becomes very dry and red.

You find salicylic acid mainly in pads hat you rub on your skin. Brands include Nosema pads and side.

Doctors will often prescribe antibiotics to treat severe acne or acne that is likely to leave scars. Antibiotics enhance the look of your skin by killing bacteria that cause acne. This indicates you will have fewer pimples and redness. Less acne means less acne scarring

You can put antibiotics directly into your skin (topically) or take them by mouth (orally). Topical antibiotics kill bacteria on your skin. Oral antibiotics kill backer in your skin pores. Oral antibiotics will typically work better at high doses. Your doctor will decrease the dose if your acne gets better and if it does not, he or she will maintain or increase the dosage.

People with mild acne may need only topical antibiotics, such as Clindamycin (Cleocin) or Erythromycin (E-Mycin)

Topical antibiotics may be combined with (Retin – A), Or a topical antibiotic may be combined with benzoyl peroxide gel. You should discuss with your doctor about these antibiotics if you are breastfeeding or pregnant.

People with severe acne as well as people who are more likely to have to scar from acne on take antibiotics by mouth. The most common oral antibiotic The most common oral antibiotics include:

Erythromycin (E-Mycin)
Tetracyclines, which include Doxycycline (Vibramycin or Mondo)
Minocycline (Minocin)

If you are utilizing topical antibiotics or using oral antibiotics, your physician may have you use benzoyl peroxide on your skin. This can make it less plausible that you will develop antibiotic resistance.

Acne Considerations

If you are pregnant, you should discuss with your doctor whether you should take antibiotics for acne. Some antibiotics are safe to use throughout pregnancy.
Over time, bacteria can become resistant to antibiotics; which means that the antibiotics are not effect at destroying or controlling the bacteria causing the acne. This is considered drug resistance When this occurs a different antibiotic may be used.

After acne is under control, you may often need to keep ongoing treatment to keep it from returning. This is the upkeep phase of treatment. Your physician may recommend treatments other than antibiotics for long-term use to circumvent the risk of drug resistance.

Topical medications normally less and less severe side effects than oral medications. However, topical medicines may not work as well as oral medications for severe acne.

Isotretinoin ( including Sotret) and Tazorac can have serious side effects. Women who take isotretinoin or tazarotene need to use an effective birth having a baby with severe birth defects.


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