Abdominal Obesity and Effects on Health

abdominal ObesityAbdominal obesity is important to understand. Excess body weight can have serious consequences for health. Obesity can cause high levels of LDL ( Bad) cholesterol and triglycerides. It also lowers HDL, good cholesterol, which impairs the body’s ability to respond to insulin, raising blood sugar levels and insulin levels. Obesity is a major cause fo disability and death, Ailments caused by being overweight are strokes, high blood pressure, cancer, diabetes, fatty liver, heart attacks, osteoarthritis and depression.

With all the risk of being overweight, it important that you know your weight and how much you should weigh. This tends to be the most common question, yet it is not the most critical question that you should ask. For your health and wellbeing, you should ask how much abdominal fat you should have, rather than how much you weigh.

Measurement of Obesity

There have always been different methods to measure obesity; which have changed over the years After most scientist began to recognize that body weight was not the what matter most, but rather body fat, the standards for measure beings to change. The body mass index (BMI) is one of the standard ways to diagnose whether one is overweight and obese.

Going Beyond BMI

The BMI is a good estimate for finding out the level of body fat you have, and it tends to be more accurate than the skinfold test. However, the BMI has several flaws in the methodology. For example, if there is a person, who is a highly trained athlete with large muscles, this person can have a BMI of 30 even with little body fat. The other extreme, is the BMI fail to accurately reflect the fat that is is in the body due to loss of substantial muscle mass. The most important challenge with the BMI involves the lack of insight in how the body fat is distributed.

visceralfatThe truth about Fat

So what are the element that makes abdominal fat so harmful? Scientist still does not know for sure what causes abdominal fat to be so dangerous. However, research is providing strong indicators. To understand these indicators, you must first know that abdominal fat comes in two different types. Some of this fat are located just beneath the skin, which is subcutaneous fat and behaves like the fat elsewhere in the body. It is not healthy, but there is no additional threat from this fat than normal.

However, Fat inside the abdomen is entirely different. This is called visceral fat, which is located around the internal organs, can be extremely dangers. The frist explanations of what is visceral obesity were linked to the overactivity of the body’s stress response mechanisms, which raised blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cardiac arrest.

A new explanation of the dangers of visceral fat concerns the concept of lipotoxicity. Unlike subcutaneous fat, visceral fat class release their metabolic products into the portal circulation, which carries blood directly to the liver. An a result visceral fat cells that are enlarged and stuffed with excess triglycerides pour free fatty acids into the liver. These free fatty acids also accumulate in the pancreas heart, and other organs. IN all these locations, the free fatty acids accumulate in cells that are not engineered to store fat. These excess metabolic process can result in organ dysfunction, which produces impaired regulation of insulin, cholesterol, blood sugar and abnormal heart function.

These explanations are not mutually independent; both these concepts may help account fo the danger of visceral fat. Based on clinical observation and basic research results show that excessive levels of fat within the abdomen is a significant contributor to developing cardiovascular disease.

Assessing abdominal obesity

The most accurate way to measure abdominal obesity is to use computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to measure the amount of visceral fat. This can be expensive as well as require access to sophisticated equipment.

A much simpler method is to determine your waist to hip ratio. Relaxing the abdomen, you measure the waist at the navel. You then measure your hips at the widest point, usually at the bony prominences. Last you divide your waist size by your hip size: Waist (in inches) / Hips (in inches) = ratio

The ratio translate into health risk as the chance of suffering a stroke or heart attack increase steadily as a mans’ ratio rises above 0.95 and for women rise above 0.85

Using the waist-to-hip ratio is very effective. However, many experts are now recommended a simple method, evaluating the waist circumference e. This is easier because it only involves one point of measurement instead of the two. It is also more accurate, and the results are more uniform than the waist-to-hip ratio.

To measure your waist circumference accurately, you should take off your shoes and put your feet together. Your stomach should be bare. Exhale and relax. You should use a cloth measuring tape; that does not stretch. Do not use a stiff metal tape typically in a tool box. Measure your waist at the navel. Keep the tape parallel to grown. Record the measurement to the nearest one-tenth of an inch.
Men                                     Women
Low risk          37 inches and below         31.5 inches and below
Medium risk   37.1–39.9 inches               31.6–34.9 inches
High risk         40 inches and above         35 inches and above

Controlling Girth

Measuring your waist is an easy process, and you can learn if you have abdominal obesity and excess viral fat quickly. However losing this fat is harder.

The only way that you can reduce the level visceral fat is to lose weight, and the only way to lose weight is to burn more calories Utah you are attacking from food. Sustained weight loss requires both increases in exercises and caloric restrictions.

BMI or Waist Circumference

The BMI is a more complex way to measure body fat, but waist measurement is more likely to result in errors than measuring height and weight. You should use both standards; The BMI will give the best index for total body fitness and the waist measurement will give you an estimate of your visceral fat and risk of obesity-related diseases.

Health Life Media Team