Preeclampsia and eclampsia are a disease of pregnancy that includes the development or increasing level of high blood pressure throughout the second half of pregnancy. 先兆子痫, 历史上被称为 “妊娠毒血症” 可能成长为更关键的情况称为子痫. 子痫包括先兆子痫症状, 随着癫痫发作.
这些条件, 当他们开发, 之后发生 20 妊娠周. They also may form quickly after delivery. In very isolated circumstances, they occur before 20 妊娠周.
High blood pressure is serious during pregnancy due to the fact it may interfere with the placenta’s capacity to deliver nutrients and oxygen to your fetus. Your baby may be born weighing less than healthy a healthy weight, having other health problems, and may need to be delivered early.
If your blood pressure proceeds to climb higher, your kidneys may start having trouble functioning; you may have variations in the makeup of your blood, such as damage to red blood cells (causing anemia), 以及镦粗肝功能和减少的血小板 (参与凝血的血细胞). 血小板太少可以提高您的分娩过程中出血失控的危险, 甚至自发地. Also, 高血压可能导致胎盘开始从子宫壁分开，因为一个胎盘早剥. 这可能会导致严重的出血和胎儿的死亡，甚至也可能是母亲.
如果你开始从患癫痫发作先兆子痫是一种严重的, 你认为有子痫. 这是一个生命的threating情况为您和您的宝宝. 在癫痫发作, 你和你的宝宝都在被剥夺氧气风险.
先兆子痫的影响 3% to 5% 在美国所有怀孕. 所有孕妇能得到先兆子痫, 但你若在发生先兆子痫的风险增加:
- Your are experiencing your first pregnancy
- Your mother or sister suffered from preeclampsia or eclampsia during their pregnancies.
- You are pregnant with twins/
- You are African -American
- You already have high blood pressure, diabetes, or kidney disease
- You are under age 20 or over 40 years old during your pregnancy.
You have preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy.
- You have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 before becoming pregnant.
What Causes Preeclampsia and Eclampsia?
The Causes of preeclampsia is still not well understood. Most throwers focus on abnormal placental development, 免疫系统, blood vessel disruption or other energetic factors. Eclampsia frequently develops when preeclampsia goes unnoticed and untreated.
Can You prevent Preeclampsia >
You can currently prevent pre eclampsia, But researchers are trying to determine if it is possible. One body of research shows that eating food bars containing the amino acid L-arginine and antioxidant vitamins reduced the risk of preeclampsia in high-risk women. Another study shows that overweight or obese women who gained fewer than 15 pounds during pregnancy had a lower risk of preeclampsia. Be sure to review this with your doctor before making any changes.
What Else Can I Do?
Taking the subsequent steps may help reduce the risk of serious problems related to preeclampsia. Vigilantly monitoring your symptoms can also alert your doctor to any need for an early delivery. If you are a very high risk for preeclampsia, your doctor may put you on a daily low dose of aspirin.
You should go to see your doctor for prenatal visits. – This is the best way to keep you, and your baby healthy through your pregnancy. Prenatal checks allow your doctor to examine your blood pressure and other signs and symptoms of preeclampsia.
Throughout your pregnancy your doctor will check:
- Your blood
- Your Blood pressure
- Protein levels in your urine
- How fast your baby is growing
- Try to keep your weight and blood pressure under control. If you had high blood pressure before you were pregnant, be sure to hell
Track your blood pressure and weight. If you had high blood pressure before your pregnancy, be sure to communicate this with your doctor at your first appointment. Your physician may want you to track your weight and blood pressure in between your visits.
Are There Treatment Options for Preeclampsia?
If you develop mild preeclampsia, your physician may Reducing Blood pressure – To contribute to reducing your blood pressure, your doctor may recommend taking additional dosages of calcium or aspirn., or lying on your left side when you rest,
want you to be less active. In certain cases, you may need medication, bed rest, or hospitalization, 特别是如果你有重度子痫前期.
交货. 只有这样，才能防止先兆子痫完全, 虽然, 是让你的宝宝. 为了让您您和您的孩子的健康, your doctor may want to induce labor so that you will have the baby earlier than your due date. You may require medication to lower your blood pressure when you deliver.
Depending on how healthy you and your baby are, your doctor may want to have a cesarean instead of vaginal delivery.
After childbirth. Preeclampsia may require that you stay in the optical longer after you give birth. Your blood pressure should return to a normal level within a few week following the delivery. And pre eclampsia usually do not increase your risk for high blood pressure in the future.