是色情成瘾的风险或会很有帮助

Back in 2004, a panel of experts testified before a Senate subcommittee that a product that millions of Americans consume is dangerously addictive. They were referring to pornography.

The impact of watching porn on the brain was pronouncedtoxicand resembled to cocaine. One psychologist declared, “prolonged exposure to pornography excites a preference for depictions of group sex, sadomasochistic exercises, and sexual contact with animals.

Before the internet, if you wanted to see pornography, you needed to go out and buy a magazine or rent a video. Store hours and available that was used to hide pornography placed some restricts on people’s porn habits.

Today there are an approximated nearly half a billion adult web pages online. “For the person who has trouble stopping, more is only one click away,” says sex therapist Louanne Cole Weston, Ph.D.

There’s no question that some people’s porn consumption gets them in troublein the form of maxed-out credit cards, lost rest, neglected obligations, or ignored loved ones. 然而, Weston is one who takes issue with labeling problem behavior involving porn as an addiction. “‘Compulsiveis more fitting,” she says.

Compulsion or Addiction
The distinction between characterizing the behavior as a compulsion or an addiction is subtle but imperative.

Erick Janssen, Ph.D., a researcher at the Kinsey Institute, examines the use of the word addiction when speaking about porn because he says it merely describes particular individual’s conducts as being addiction-like but regarding them as addicts may not help them improve or be in a position where they can improve.

Many people may diagnose themselves as porn addicts after reading popular books on the subject, he says. But mental health professionals have no conventional criteria to diagnose porn addiction.

Mary Anne Layden, Ph.D., a psychologist at the University of Pennsylvania, was one of the observers at the Senate hearing on pornography addiction. She says the same standards used to diagnose issues like obsessive gambling and substance abuse can be applied to problematic porn use.

The psychologist who treat pornography addicts say they act just like any other addicts,” she says.

One of the key characteristics of addiction, she says, is the increase of a tolerance to the addictive substance. In the way that drug addicts need progressively larger doses to get high, she believes porn addicts require to see more and more extreme and unconventional material to feel the same level of enthusiasm they first experienced.

Most of the addicts will say, here’s the type of porn I would never look at, it’s so disgusting I’m never look at it, whatever that issex with kids, sex involving feces, sex with animals,” she says. “At some point, they will often cross over.

Janssen disputes that people who look at porn typically progress in such a way. “There is unquestionably no evidence to support that,” he says.

Why People Watch Porn
Weston believes there are three primary reasons why people turn to pornography: to see their fantasies acted out, to avoid affection in a relationship, and merely to assist masturbation.

Sometimes individuals are just going to it for something they wish they could engage in within their real life,” she says. “It fills in a hole or gap in their own relationship with their partner. They have a companion who doesn’t like to do oral sex, and they enjoy it themselves, and they’re in this relationship, and they want to stay in it, so they go and look at photos of oral sex.



In this respect, porn can be a helpful component of a healthy relationship, she says, but in some situations, it can prevent closeness.

“然后还有谁是羞于解释它是什么,他们真正想从事的人, 所以他们去那里secretively, 从未承认自己的队友,他们想尝试什么,” 韦斯顿说.

如果他们分享自己的幻想, 他们可能会发现他们的合作伙伴准备与它一起去, 他们最终可能会非常充实性债券. 为他人, 然而, 这将是不可取.

“有些人去那里,因为关系亲密是那样强的人能受得了吗. If they were to uncover the sexual interest which is kind of their closely held secret, the intimacy would be just too high for their own capacity to tolerate it, so they save it for elsewhere,” 韦斯顿说.

Regardless of the role, it plays in relationships; people also watch pornography just to arouse themselves before or during masturbating.

I think of porn addiction as a tag that’s used to punish behavior that’s not approved of socially,” Violet Blue, a sex instructor and author of The Ultimate Guide to Adult Videos, 说. “A lot of it is shaming humiliating those who practice masturbation.

Men are considered to be more readily aroused by erotic imagery than women are, but many women masturbate to pornography, 太, she says.

She moderates an online chat board for female enthusiasts referred to as the Smart GirlsPorn Club. “I sometimes receive emails from members of the group about various types of sexual problems,” she says, but no one so far has communicated concerns about stopping.