乜嘢係卵巢癌?

卵巢癌始於女性卵巢. 卵巢係女性嘅生殖腺. 卵巢產卵或卵用於繁殖. 在繁殖期間卵子通過輸卵管進入子宮, 受精的卵子植入物成長為胎兒. 兩個卵巢通常係大小和形狀的杏仁, ithe 卵巢係雌激素和孕激素的主要來源. 骨盆兩側有一個卵巢。.

輸卵管係一個長, 細長雙管; 存在於子宮嘅兩側. 卵子或卵子從卵巢傳給輸卵管。, 到子宮.

腹膜係一種組織, 牠的腹部壁和覆蓋器官在腹部. 原發性腹膜癌在腹膜中形成, 並無由該區域擴散到身體嘅另一部分。.

卵巢上皮癌是另一種影響覆蓋的癌症.
卵巢有三種主要類型的細胞. 每個細胞類型可以發展成一種特定的腫瘤.

1. 上皮性腫瘤由覆蓋卵巢層的表面細胞開始. 大多數卵巢腫瘤是上皮細胞腫瘤.
2. 生殖細胞腫瘤由產生卵或卵嘅細胞內開始.
3. 間質腫瘤由保持卵巢的結構組織細胞開始, 並產生荷爾蒙雌激素和孕激素.

大多數喺卵巢發育既腫瘤係良性的 (非癌) 喺唔喺度卵巢外傳播. 良性腫癅可透過去除卵巢或卵巢部分嘅腫瘤嚟治療。.

惡性 (癌) 或低惡性潛在腫瘤可以擴散到身體其他部位, 就係點解佢可能係致命嘅.

卵巢上皮性腫瘤

良性上皮性卵巢腫瘤

卵巢上皮腫瘤係良性腫癅; 意味着佢哋唔傳播. 佢哋都唔會導致嚴重的疾病, 如癌. 不同類型的良性上皮性腫瘤, 包括粘液腺瘤, 漿液性囊腺瘤, 和博納腫瘤.

疾病風險增加與低惡性潛在腫瘤. 不同類型的噁性腫癅導致各種類型的腫瘤. 卵巢上皮癌, 輸卵管癌, 同原發性腹膜癌係腫瘤細胞組織內發育緊嘅疾病, 包括卵巢, 輸卵管或腹膜的裏.

卵巢低惡性電位腫瘤是一種疾病, 其中異常細胞形成組織緊覆蓋的卵巢, 佢哋可能會成為癌症, 但通常唔. 這種疾病通常局限於卵巢. 如果這種疾病還在想要的卵巢中發現的, 其他卵巢都應檢查疾病嘅迹象, 以及.

卵巢低惡性電位腫瘤有幾個症狀. 雖然這種疾病可能並不總是導致早期癥狀和徵兆. 如果有跡象或症狀, 佢哋可能包括以下:

  • 骨盆疼痛
  • 腹部疼痛和腫脹
  • gastrointestinally 疼痛和 disconformable, 由氣體引起, 腹脹或便秘.

卵巢癌-起因.

呢啲体征同症狀都可能係由其他條件引起的。, 所以, 如果呢啲得到最壞的或者唔走係佢哋嘅, 你應該去睇醫生.

卵巢低惡性電位腫瘤嘅檢測、診斷及分期有幾種不同的檢查方法.

测试卵巢癌-試驗

物理考试 同埋歷史呢次考試係一般健康體檢, 包括評估疾病嘅徵兆, 如腫塊或其他異常癥狀. 都係好重要嘅收集病史的病人嘅健康習慣過去的疾病, 以相關的治療

骨盆檢查
骨盆檢查會 check 陰道, 宮頸, 子宮, 輸卵管, 卵巢, 和直腸. 醫生或護士會透過插入一個窺鏡進入弗吉尼亞, 睇下陰道同子宮頸的疾病迹象. 在大多數情況下進行 pap 測試. 子宮頸的 pap 試驗, 醫生或護士, 個醫生, 戴上潤滑手套, 插入一個或兩個手指進入陰道, 另一隻手放喺下腹部, feel 到病人卵巢和子宮的大小形狀和位置. 護士或醫生做同樣的直腸內感覺腫塊和異常生長.

超聲檢查

超聲檢查係一個程序, 使用的醫療設備稱為超聲波和傳感器使用高能聲波反彈的內部組織和器官, 使回聲. 回聲形成了一個叫做超聲波嘅身體組織嘅圖。. There is also the transvaginal ultrasound, which is a probe connected to the computer. The probe is inserted into the vagina and moved around to show different organs, and sound waves bounce off internal organs.

CT scan or CAT scan: A procedure takes a set detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures based on X-ray machines and are linked to the computer. 在某些情況下, there may be dye injected into the veins or swallowed to help the body’s tissues and organs show up more clearly. The procedure uses a tomography.

A CA 125 assay: This is a test measures the level of CA 124 血中. CA 125 is released into the bloodstream. This substance is sometimes a sign of cancer in condition.

A BiopsyThis is the removal of cells and tissues so that can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer.

Treatment OptionsOvarian-cancer-treatment

There are several ways to treat patients of the ovarian low malignant potential tumor.
There are two types of standard treatment are used
外科
化疗

There are different types of treatments that are available for ovarian low malignant potential treatment.

外科

Surgery removes tumor depends on the size and spread of the tumor.
This can be done in several ways, unilateral saplings-oophorectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and total hysterectomy.
Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Surgery to remove one ovary and one fallopian tube.
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Surgery to remove both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.
Total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy: Surgery to take out the uterus, 宮頸, and both ovaries and fallopian tubes.The operation is called a vaginal hysterectomy if the uterus and cervix are removed from the vagina, . If the uterus and cervix are removed through a large incision (cut) in the abdomen, the operation is called a total abdominal hysterectomy. If the uterus and cervix are removed through a small incision (cut) in the abdomen using a laparoscope, the operation is called a total laparoscopic hysterectomy.
Partial oophorectomy: Surgery to extract part of one ovary or both ovaries.
Omentectomy: Surgery to separate the omentum (a piece of the tissue lining the abdominal wall).
Although a doctor extracts all disease that can be seen at the time of the operation, the patient may be provided chemotherapy after surgery to kill any tumor cells that are left. Therapy given after the surgery, to lower the risk that the tumor will come back, is called adjuvant therapy.

化疗

Chemotherapy is a cancer therapy that utilizes drugs to prevent the outgrowth of cancer cells, both by removing the cells or by obstructing them from splitting. When chemotherapy is ingested by mouth or inserted into a vein or muscle, the medications access the bloodstream and can enter cancer cells everywhere in the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is put directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the stomach, the drugs mainly induce cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). 化療的方式要睇治療癌症的類型和階段。.


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