What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

Toxic shock syndrome is an unforeseen, possibly fatal condition. It’s created by the discharge of poisonous substances from an excess of bacteria referred Staphylococcus aureus, or staph, which is present in many women’s bodies. Toxic shock syndrome impacts menstruating women, individually those who use super-absorbent tampons. The body reacts with a definite drop in blood pressure that removes oxygen from the organ can lead to death.

This condition was very much in the new during the late 1970s and early 1980s following the deaths of several young women who were utilizing a brand of super-absorbent tampon that was later taken from the market.

Toxic shock syndrome is still principally a disease of menstruating women who use tampons. But it has also been associated with the use of diaphragms, menstrual sponges, and cervical caps. A woman who has previously given birth also has a higher chance of getting toxic shock. And it can transpire in men as well as women who have been exposed to staph bacteria while recovering from surgery, an open wound, burn, or the use of a prosthetic device.
Here are five lifestyle changes and two doctor-prescribed methods that can help.
More than a one/third of all cases of toxic shock include women under 19, and up to 30% of women who have had the condition will contract it again. If you have ever had toxic shock, you must look out for the symptoms so you can get immediate medical care.

People who die from toxic shock are destroyed in by the body’s response to the poisons rescued by staph bacteria. Most individuals suffer hypotensive shock, in which the lung and heart stop working.

If you are menstruating and have vomited a high fever. Mainly if you have been using tampons, you must get therapeutic help right away. If you are using a tampon, menstrual sponge, diaphragm, or cervical cap when you become ill, remove it immediately, even before calling your physician.

What Causes Toxic Shock Syndrome?
Toxic shock syndrome is produced by a poison created by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. This bacteria is one of several staph bacteria that cause skin infections in burn patients and hospital patients who have had surgery.

Staph is normally — and harmlessly — present in the vagina. How staph triggers toxic shock syndrome is not completely recognized. But two conditions are required: First, the bacteria need an environment in which they can grow quickly and release poisons. Then these toxins enter into the bloodstream.

A tampon saturated with blood is a supportive place for the rapid increase in bacteria. The likelihood of TSS also seems to be based off of what the tampon is made. Polyester foam offers a better environment for the growth of bacteria than either rayon fibers or carbon.

In situations from diaphragms, menstrual sponges, and cervical caps, unless the device had been in the vagina for a long time — more than 30 hours — or, in the circumstance of the sponge, parts of the sponge stayed in the vagina.

The way in which bacterial poisons enter the bloodstream may also be associated to tampon use. Sliding a tampon into place in the vagina may make microscopic tears in the walls of the vagina, bursting tiny blood vessels. A super-absorbent tampon — particular if it’s left in place too long, or if it is applied when the menstrual flow is light — can dry out the vagina, making such tearing even more possible.

Researchers investigating the triggers of toxic shock syndrome have ruled out feminine deodorant antiperspirant sprays and underwear, douches, , and other clothing. The condition is also irrelevant to the woman’s menstrual history, swimming or bathing, alcohol use or drug, cigarette smoking, or sexual activity.

Symptoms of TSS

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is uncommon, but it can be life-threatening, so it’s essential to know its signs and symptoms so you can recognize it and manage it immediately.

Since TSS puts out toxins into your bloodstream, it can impact several distinct systems in your body at once. The signs are a lot like ones you force see from other sorts of diseases: swelling, redness,fever, , and a general feeling of being unwell.

TSS symptoms usually come on quickly, about 2 days after the bacteria infects you. The way TSS affects your body depends on the type of bacteria causing your condition.

Generally, TSS causes:

  • Kidney problems or failure
  • Rash
  • Fever
  • Low blood pressure
  • Confusion
  • Respiratory problems or failure
  • To figure out what type of TSS you have, and to rule out other causes of infection or disease, your physician will check for symptoms that are
  • particular to determined types of bacteria. The bacteria that most common cause TSS are:
  • Clostridium sordellii (C. sordellii)
  • Staphylococcus aureus
    Streptococcus pyogenes

Staphylococcal TSS Symptoms
Staphylococcal TSS transpires most often in women. Occasionally, you can get it if you use superabsorbent tampons, and the bacteria gets captured for too long in your vagina. You’re also more at danger if you have an infection after surgery, childbirth, or have burns or pus buildup in your body.

This type of TSS causes:

  • A headache
  • Temperature above 102 F
  • Flat, red rash like a sunburn on most of your body
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Redder than usual mouth, eyes, and vagina
  • Low urine output
  • Bruising
  • You can also begin to shed your skin in sheets, generally on the palms of your hands or soles of your feet, 1 to 2 weeks after your symptoms start.

Streptococcal TSS Symptoms
This kind of TSS appears typically after you have chickenpox, a skin infection, or if you have a weak immune system. The first symptom is most often severe pain that comes on suddenly

Other symptoms include:

  • Shock (not nearly enough blood flow to the systems in your body)
  • Bruising
  • Bleeding problems
  • Trouble breathing
  • Very low blood pressure
  • Flat, red rash like a sunburn on most of your body
  • You may also have sheets of skin shed off, like in staphylococcal TSS, but this doesn’t always happen.

C. sordellii TSS Symptoms
Clostridium sordellii infection transpires in the uterus. You can also receive it from IV drug use. Its symptoms include:

  1. Pain when you touch your abdomen
  2. Low energy and weakness
  3. Nausea and vomiting
  4. Flu-like symptoms
  5. Swelling
  6. Fast heart rate
  7. High red and white blood cell count
  8. Unlike the other most common kinds of TSS, such as staphylococcal TSS, C. sordellii does not usually cause a fever.

Toxic shock syndrome (also called “TSS”) is a rare but severe condition that affects many systems in your body at once. It is triggered when your immune system responds to toxins composed by bacteria. It’s dangerous, but with the right treatment, it’s also curable.

Because this condition can be life-threatening, your physician will probably send you to a hospital to get treatment.

At the hospital, physicians can have an eye on your condition as they treat the toxic shock syndrome and the signs it’s generating. You may have to stay there for a few days or longer, depending on how complicated your case is.

Before choosing a treatment for you, your doctor will need to examine you to find out more about:

  • What kind of symptoms you’re having
  • How you react to particular medications or treatments
  • Your recent health history, including what might be causing your TSS
  • Your age and medical history
  • How serious your symptoms are
  • Your physician may have to run tests or collect tissue or blood samples to figure out the particular treatments that will work for you. You may need:

IV Antibiotics
This the most prevalent method doctors treat TSS. Antibiotics will assist in stopping the bacteria from growing in your system. They do not get rid of the toxins that have previously built up in your body. The type of antibiotic you get depends on which kind of bacteria is triggering your TSS.

Immunoglobulin Therapy
If your TSS is very severe, your physician may try to treat it with immunoglobulin. Immunoglobulin is a portion of blood plasma that has antibodies. You get it through an IV. Immunoglobulin therapy can help boost your body’s resistance systems against infection.

Treatment for Symptoms
You may also require treatment for the symptoms of TSS, such as:

IV fluid for shock, dehydration, , and organ damage prevention
Dialysis for kidney failure
Medication to help low blood pressure
Blood transfusion
Extra oxygen or other devices to help you breathe

Depending on what caused your TSS, your doctor may also want to:

Remove any tampons or other contraceptive devices you may be using
Drain pus from any infected areas
Clean any wounds you have
If you have an infection that is very severe, you may have to have surgery to remove dead tissue and deep clean your wound to get rid of all of it.

Prevention
TSS is uncommon. You’re likely not to get it if you’ve haven’t had it. However once you get it, you’re at a greater risk of getting it again. You can take these measures to keep your risk as low as possible:

If you get wounded or cut, maintain the cleaning, bandaged and dry. Be sure you can change your bandages regularly.
Any time you see symptoms of an infection within the wound — swelling, redness, pain, fever — tell your physician as soon as feasible so it can be treated.

Treatment Consideration for Women
Be cautious when you use contraceptive sponges, diaphragms, tampons. All three carry some risk of TSS. If you’ve had TSS before, or if you’ve had a severe bacterial contamination, you’re at a higher risk of getting TSS, and shouldn’t use them at all.

Since of improved designs, the risk of getting TSS from tampons is much lower than it used to be. But it’s still necessary to practice good tampon hygiene. To use tampons safely and decrease your risk of TSS, you should:

Find the lowest absorbency tampon you can

Don’t use tampons when you don’t have your period
Use pads on light flow days
Replace your tampon regularly — every 4 to 6 hours, or more often, depending on your flow
Keep your tampon box in a dry, cool area to keep bacteria from growing
Always wash your clean your hands before putting a tampon in, or taking one out