The tonsils are two lymph nodes that are in the back of the mouth near the throat. The tonsils help prevent the infection from entering the body. Tonsillitis is caused when the tonsils become infected. Tonsillitis often happens during childhood (from 4- 15 years old) The symptoms often include swollen tonsils, fever, and sore throat.
Tonsillitis can be caused by multiple different viruses and bacteria. Tonsillitis is also contagious and if it’s left untreated, tonsillitis that are caused by streptococcus bacteria or strep throat, may lead to more serious complications.
- Influenza virus
- Epstein-Barr virus
- Parainfluenza viruses
- Herpes Simplex virus.
Tonsils are supposed to help protect the body from illnesses as being the first line of defence agent bacteria and viruses that cause infection, which enters the body through the mouth. Tonsillitis is caused by viruses and common cold of bacterial infection such as strep throat.
There are several symptoms of Tonsillitis, but it is unlikely that you have all of these at the same time.
- Tonsils appear swollen and red
- tonsil have white or yellow spots
- Difficult Swallowing and Painful Swallowing
- Very sore throat
- Scratchy sounding voice
- Bad breath
- Earaches stomach aches
- Stiff neck
- Jaw and neck tenderness due to swollen lymph nodes
If there is a young child with tonsillitis
There are different types of treatment options for tonsillitis, depending on the cause.Your doctor must first find the cause and may conduct a rapid strep test, or swab the throat for culture. In these test, the doctor would gently swab the back of throat near the tonsils with a cotton swab. Your doctor would then place the culture sample into a lab test to detect any bacterial infection. However, a viral infection would not show up this test. A viral infection may be assumed if there is not material found. IN some instances the there is enough physical finding the doctor to diagnose a probable bacterial infection. In this case, the doctor may prescribed antibiotics without conduction the rapid step test.
If the cause is considered bacteria, antibiotics may be considered a primary treatment option, to help cure the infection. Antibiotics can be given in the form of a single shot or taken over 10 consecutive days by mouth. Most people notice symptoms improving in the within two to three days after starting antibiotic treatment. Some people may need to take a second round of treatment to help cure the infection.
If the tonsillitis is caused by a virus, antibiotics would not be effective. Your body fight the infection by itself. There are tings that you can people can do to improve the way they feel.
- Getting enough sleep and rest
- Drink warm or cold fluids to ease the throat pain.
- You should eat smooth foods, such as ice cream, yogurt, applesauce, gelatin.
- You can humidify the room or cool-mist vaporizer.
- Gargle warm salt water.
- You can suck on lozenges that have benzocaine and anesthetics.
- Take pain relievers with acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
If You Need a Tonsillectomy
Tonsil serve as an important purpose in the human immune system through a person’s life. If tonsillitis is a persistent, or continual issue, or if you have enlarged tonsils that cause airway obstruction or difficulty eating, a tonsillectomy may be necessary. A Tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsil. Many tonsillectomies involve using a scalpel to remove the tonsils, and there are many alternatives to this treatment, traditional methods. Doctors use other technologies such as lasers, ultrasonic energy, radio waves, electrocautery to cut or burn off enlarged tonsils
All of these procedures have benefits and drawbacks. When you consider a product, it is important to discuss different options with the surgeon and select the one most appropriate.
After a Tonsillectomy Surgery
A Tonsillectomy is usually an outpatient procedure that is perfomed under anesthesia and last around 30 -45 minutes. Tonsillectomies are performed on children most commonly. Most children go home after 4 hours and need a week to 10 days to recuperate. Nearly all children experience throat pain; this could range from mild to severe after the procedure. Some children experience pain in the neck, jaw, or ears. The doctor can prescribe medication to ease the pain.
During the recovering, it is important to get enough rest and make sure that you are getting plenty of fluids. Milk products should be avoided in the first 24 hours. It is important to eat as soon as possible to speed up recovery. People also tend to experience low-grade fevers and small specks of blood from salvage or nose. If the fever is greater than 102 degrees or if you see bright blood, you should call your doctor immediately.