What is Guillain-Barre Syndrome?

Guillain-Barre Syndrome or GBS is a problem with our nervous system. It can cause muscle weakness, numbness, tingling and loss of reflexes in different parts of the body. It can also lead to paralysis, in which is usually temporary.
Most people recover, even those with severe cases. In fact 85% of individuals within 6 to 12 month. Once you get better, the chance of it returning is minuscule.

Guilian- Barre syndrome is a rare disease that affects one or two cases per 100,000 people every year. The syndrome is named after French neurologist Georges Guillain and Jean Alexandre Barre, you discovered the disease with Andre Strohl in 1916

Causes
Guillain – Barre Syndrome (GBS) can happen to anyone, but it’s most common in people 50 years old or older.
Doctor’s and researchers are unsure if virus, similar to Zika virus or germs causes GBS. It could be that some illness can alter nerve cells, so your immune system begins to perceive them as threats. Others think your immune systems forget which cells it should attack.
It commonly presents itself a few days or weeks after a cold, stomach virus, or the flu. In some cases, surgery or vaccinations can prompt. You may hear your doctor mention “campylobacter.” That’s a type of bacteria related with GBS.

When you have It, your immune system begins attacking your nerve cells; That undermines their ability to transmit signals to your brain. And your muscles than can not respond to nerve signals. As a result, your brain gets fewer messages to your body.

Symptoms
Guillain -Barre syndrome strikes quickly. You usually feel it initially feel it first in your arms and legs. You may notice muscle weakness or tingling feeling in your friends and feet. Like being on “pins and needles,” which later moves toward your midsection. Your may also feel unusually tired. Your reflexes may slow.

Some people felt only a mild weakness. Others become almost entirely paralyzed and struggle to swallow or breathe. If you feel anything more than mild weakness, you should call 911. Your symptoms can get worse quickly.
Most people are at their weakest after three weeks of the symptoms appearing.
Treatment
If you doctor thinks you have GBS, he will give you a test to measures how well your muscles and nerves work. You may also get a spinal tap. A doctor inserts a needle into your lower back and takes a smaller amount of spinal fluid. He’ll check the protein level; it’s high in people with GBS.

If you are research diagnosed with GBS, you should begin treatment right away.
In some cases, to speed recovery, the doctor will take blood from your body, clean it, and then return it to you. This process is called plasmapheresis.

Your doctor may give you immunoglobulin, or antibodies. You will get high does of healthy cells via an IV. This help lessens your immune system’s attack on your body.
Some people with GBS need to be hospitalized for a few days. Others stay for several weeks.
You will need support until you regain full control of your body. A nurse or loved one may need to exercise your arms or legs for you.


What to Expect

It may take of you to feel like yourself again. After a hospital stay, you may still feel and need a wheelchair or walker to get around. You may have physical therapy to build your strength. A small number of people also have permanent nerve damage.
GBS Usually last between 14 and 30 days. If your symptoms continue longer, you may be suffering from a chronic form of GBS designated as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and will need more aggressive treatment.