Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. The appendix, located in the abdomen, is a 3 1/2 inch long tube of tissue that extends from the large intestine. No one knows for sure what the functionality of the appendix is, or what components of the body are impacted by its existence or removal. We only know humans can live without it, without any apparent consequences.
Appendicitis is a medical emergency that usually requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix. If the inflamed appendix is left untreated, it will eventually burst and spill infectious material into the abdominal cavity. This can develop into a peritonitis, which is serious inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining or the peritoneum that can be fatal unless it’s treated quickly with strong antibiotics.
In certain cases, a pus-filled abscess( an infection that is walled off from the rest of the body) develops outside of the inflamed appendix. The scar tissue then walls off the appendix for from m the rest of abdomen, preventing the infection from spreading. Although an abscessed appendix is not as dangerous, unfortunately, surgery must be carried out to identify the true condition of the appendix. These dangers are why all cases of appendicitis are treated as an emergency where surgery is required.
In the U.S one in 15 people will develop appendicitis, It can happen at any age, but it is most common between 10, and 20 and it is extremely rare under the age of 2.
Causes of an Appendicitis
Appendicitis occurs a few different ways. Appendicitis can be blocked by either stool, foreign body or cancer. The block may occur by infection and the appendix the swells in response to the infection.
Symptoms of Appendicitis
1. Loss of appetite
2.Dull, sharp pain in the upper or lower abdomen, back or rectum
3. Nausea and vomiting soon after abdominal pain
Fever of 99-102 degrees Fahrenheit
Inability to pass gas
It’s possible that you may have other symptoms such as
Vomiting that precedes the abdominal pain
Constipation or diarrhea with gas
If you have, have an option of these systems. You should get medical attention immediately. Do not eat drink or use any pain medications such as antacids, laxatives or heating pads. These drugs can cause inflamed or rupture an appendix.
Diagnosing appendicitis can be tricky. The symptoms can be confusing to link to Appendicitis because the ailments are similar to gallbladder problems, urinary tract infection, Crohn’s disease, bladder, and intestinal infections, or ovary problems.
The following test is made to determine the diagnosis.
Abdominal exam can detect inflammation
Urine test, urinary tract infection
Blood test to see if the body iv fighting infection
CT scan for an ultrasound.