Thủy đậu là gì (bịnh thủy đậu)

Chickenpox is a viral infection formed by the varicella-zoster virus VZV. It causes fevers, tiredness itchiness and blistery rashes to across the body. Thủy đậu . The rash starts on the trunk and face and then spreads to the rest of the body forming anywhere bet on 200- 500 itchy blisters. Chickenpox is a highly contagious s virus to people who have not had it before or were not vaccinated.

truyền tải

Virtually everyone has been infected with once he or she reach adulthood, in some cases with serious complications. Chickenpox is an airborne disease that spreads through, sự thở, ho, sneezing and-and touching various particles with the virus that come into contact with chickenpox blisters.

In most cases chickenpox is a mild disease. Tuy nhiên, it is best to get vaccinated. Vắc-xin thủy đậu là một cách an toàn và hiệu quả để ngăn ngừa thủy đậu và tiềm năng biến chứng. Trước khi vắc-xin thủy đậu trên 4 triệu người sẽ bị bệnh thủy đậu mỗi năm. Gần 11,000 người đã phải nhập viện vì một căn bệnh thủy đậu liên quan và 100 đến 150 chết mỗi năm do hậu quả của hợp đồng thủy đậu. Tốt nhất là tránh tiếp xúc với những người có bệnh thủy đậu. Một thủy đậu người wit trở nên truyền nhiễm 1 đến 2 ngày trước khi xuất hiện mụn nước trên da của họ.

Phải mất 10-25 days after initial exposure to chickenpox/shingles virus for a person to develop chickenpox.

Even a vaccinated person with chickenpox can spread the disease to others. Trong hầu hết các trường hợp, people who have gotten chickenpox once develop immunity for life, although there are rare cases where people have gotten the disease twice.

The vast majority of chickenpox cases occur in children before the age of 10. The disease is mostly mild. Older children and adults who have Chickenpox are usually sicker than younger children who have it.

Severe cases occur more common in children who have compromised or weaken immune systems from ailments or medicines such as steroids or chemotherapy

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is a member of the herpesvirus family. This virus is also the cause of Shingles (herpes zoster) within adults.

Các triệu chứngchicken-pox

The chickenpox virus usually lasts between five to 10 ngày. The rash is the most common and visible sign that someone has chickenpox. There are other signs that begin to appear one to two days before the rash
kể ra:

  • Ăn mất ngon
  • Đau đầu
  • Tiredness and feeling of exhaustion
  • cơn sốt
Phases of chickenpox
Phases of chickenpox

After the initial rash appears, there are three stages that it goes through, bướu, vỉ, and scabbed lesions

  1. Rash bumps (papules), with are pink or red bumps that breakout every couple of dais.
  2. Vesicles or fluid-filled blisters develop from the bumps over the next day then they break and leak fluid.
  3. These blisters dry out, crust and form scabs, then take several more days to heal completely.
  4. You may see new bumps continue to appear over the next few days. Once infected, virus lây lan cho đến 48 giờ trước khi phát ban xuất hiện. Bạn truyền nhiễm cho đến khi over.Individuals vỉ vỏ người được tiêm phòng vẫn có thể bị bệnh thủy đậu mặc dù các triệu chứng thường nhẹ với một nhẹ hoặc không sốt và vỉ ít.

Mặc dù bệnh thủy đậu thường là một bệnh nhẹ, bạn nên luôn luôn tham khảo ý kiến ​​bác sĩ, Bác sĩ có thể chẩn đoán rằng đây là một trường hợp của bệnh thủy đậu.

Nếu bạn nghĩ rằng bạn hoặc con bạn có thể có thủy đậu, bạn nên gọi bác sĩ của bạn. Hãy chắc chắn rằng bạn gọi điện trước hẹn của bạn để đảm bảo bạn đang không ở trong sự chờ đợi với những người khác như bạn có thể lây cho người khác trong phòng chờ. Việc chăm sóc bác sĩ là rất quan trọng trong trường hợp là biến chứng.

Các biến chứng

Complicationscan xảy ra, nhưng không phải là rất phổ biến ở cá nhân, người có bệnh và, được coi là khỏe mạnh,
Những người có thể phát triển các triệu chứng nặng hơn và kinh nghiệm có nguy cơ cao bị các biến chứng bao gồm những điều sau đây:

  • Trẻ vị thành niên
  • Người trưởng thành
  • Phụ nữ mang thai – Bệnh thủy đậu ảnh hưởng đến phụ nữ mang thai và nhiều cách khác nhau, by causing a variety of problems in newborns, from low birth weight and birth defects, such as abnormalities in limbs to life-threatening infections in the newborn.
  • trẻ sơ sinh
  • People who have weakened immunes, such as people with cancer or HIV/AIDs
  • Patent with organ transplants
  • People on immunosuppressive medications or steroids.

Chickenpox serious complications include the following:

  • chóng mặt, mất phương hướng, loss of muscle coordination
  • Tremors and restlessness
  • nôn
  • Worrying cough
  • Viêm phổi
  • Mất nước
  • Bleeding problems
  • Blood stream infections (nhiễm trùng huyết)
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Joint infections
  • Bone infractions
  • Inflammation of infections from the brain(cerebellar ataxia, encephalitis)
    Bacterial Infections that occur in soft tissue and skin of children who are Group A streptococcal.

thật đáng tiếc, some people become so sick from chickenpox, that they have to be hospitalized. Some people had died because of it as well.
Chickenpox deaths due occur in cases with health and unvaccinated children and adults. Trong nhiều trường hợp, healthy adults have contracted the disease from their unvaccinated children.

Exams and Test

Health care providers can usually give you quick diagnoses of chickenpox by looking at the rashes and asking medical history questions. Small blisters on the scalp often will confirm that it is checkenpox. Medical professionals will run laboratory test to confirm the diagnosis.

home-remedies-for-chickenpoxChickenpox Treatment

Treating chickenpox, mostly involves keeping the person conformable
Its good to avoid scratching and rubbing the itchy areas. You should keep fingernails short to prevent damaging the skin from scratching.

Wear cool, light, loose bedclothes. Do not wear rough clothing, especially wool, over an itchy area.
You should take lukewarm baths using a little soap and rinse completely. Try an oatmeal or cornstarch bath to sooth the skin
Use a soothing moisturizer after bathing to relax and cool the skin.
Avoid extended exposure to extreme heat and humidity.

You can buy over-the-counter oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), Tuy nhiên, be aware of side effects such as drowsiness. There may also be over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream viable to apply on itchy areas.

There are medications that attack the chickenpox virus are available but may not be given to everyone. For these medications to work well, the medicine often needs to be applied within the first 24 hours of the rash.

Healthy children, who do not have severe symptoms and no complications, are not normally given antiviral medications. People who are at risk of more severe symptoms developing may benefit from antiviral medication if it is given early on.
Antiviral medication can be very important in individuals who have lung conditions (such as asthma), or who have recently taken steroids. People with skin diseases (such as eczema or recent sunburn),
Doctors may also give antiviral medicines to people in the same household, who also develop chickenpox, because they will likely develop more severe symptoms.
You should NOT give ibuprofen or aspirin to someone who possibly has chickenpox. The usage of aspirin has been associated with Reyes syndrome; a serious condition Ibuprofen has been associated with more severe secondary infections. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) may be used.

A child should not attend school or any other functions until all sores are gone and dried out and crusted over. The same rule would apply to adults who are going back to work.
Outlook (Prognosis)
Trong hầu hết các trường hợp, a person recovers without complications.

Once someone has had chickenpox, the virus will remain dormant for the rest of his or her lifetime. Trong khoảng 1 and ten people have the virus reemerge and develop shingles during a period of stress.

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