Cổ tử cung là hình xuyến hay vòng l hình khai mạc vào tử cung. Viêm cổ tử cung là một sưng và viêm cổ tử cung. Chỉ dẫn của viêm cổ tử cung có thể được so sánh với viêm âm đạo, với xả âm đạo, ngứa hoặc khó chịu với giao phối với nhau.
Một bệnh lây truyền qua đường tình dục có thể tạo ra viêm cổ tử cung. Hầu hết thường là chlamydia và bệnh lậu. Trichomonas và bộ phận sinh dục herpes tương tự như vậy có thể gây viêm cổ tử cung. Đôi khi, viêm cổ tử cung không được sản xuất bởi nhiễm trùng. It might be because of damage, frequent douching or susceptibility to chemical irritants.
Các triệu chứng
Cervicitis typically produces no side effects by any means. Tuy nhiên, a few women will encounter pain amid intercourse, vaginal irritation, a bloody vaginal secretion, or vaginal spotting or seeping between periods (more often than not after vaginal intercourse). If the urethra (urine tube) also ends up noticeably infected, you may feel stinging when you urinate, or you may urinate more frequently Cervicitis can spread to your uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries, which is an ailment called Bệnh viêm vùng chậu (PID). If you have PID, you may have stomach pain or fever
Your physician will request some information about your medicinal history and whether you have any new sexual partners. He or she will do a pelvic exam to take a look at your cervix. This is achieved with a device called a speculum. This is a metal or plastic gadget molded like a duckbill that keeps the vagina open.
If you have cervicitis, the wall of the cervix may look red, aggravated, swollen or irritated. Trong trường hợp nghiêm trọng hơn, discharge might originate from the cervix. Amid the pelvic exam, your doctor will take a cotton swap of released fluid or discharge from your cervical opening so it can be examined in a research center and inspected under a magnifying instrument to decide whether you have an STD including, bệnh lậu, chlamydia, trichomoniasis or genital herpes. He or she may likewise check for yeast or bacterial vaginosis. These diseases can cause comparable indications. Tuy nhiên, they affect the vagina as opposed to the cervix.
Bác sĩ của bạn cũng sẽ kiểm tra vùng xương chậu của bạn sử dụng ngón tay của mình để tìm kiếm sự dịu dàng của
ervix, buồng trứng hoặc tử cung. Để làm điều này, các chuyên gia sức khỏe y tế sẽ đặt ngón tay của mình bên trong âm đạo của bạn. Hãy chắc chắn để nói với chuyên gia của bạn nếu bạn có một quá mẫn mủ trước khi anh ta hoặc cô đặt trên găng tay cho việc kiểm tra.
NẾU cổ tử cung của bạn, tử cung hoặc buồng trứng rất nhạy cảm, nó là có thể tưởng tượng bạn có bệnh viêm vùng chậu (nhiễm trùng tử cung, fallopian tubes or ovaries) tuy nhiên viêm cổ tử cung.
Thời gian dự kiến
When cervicitis is analyzed, and the suitable treatment is initiated, side effects should begin to improve in a couple of days. If there are any indications of PID, you should take anti-infection agents for two weeks.
Cervicitis regularly is caused by a sexually transmitted infection, so it is critical to utilize a condom each time you engage in sexual actions with another person and to limit the number of sexual partners you engage with. If you are determined to have a sexually transmitted contamination, your current sexual partners additionally should get tested as well as treated. You and your partners should refrain from having sex until you confirm that he or she has been treated and is no longer infected to avoid re-infection.
Gonorrhea is usually treated with an injection of the antibiotic ceftriaxone (Rocephin). Chlamydia is typically treated with oral antibiotics such as doxycycline (sold under several brand names), ofloxacin (Floxin), azithromycin (zithromax), or levofloxacin (levaquin). Trichomoniasis is treated with the antibiotic metronidazole. If you are allergic to any of these antibiotics, an alternative can be prescribed.
Gonorrhea is typically treated with an infusion of the antibiotic
Ceftriaxone (Rocephin). Chlamydia is regularly regarded with oral, antibiotic, ví dụ, azithromycin (zithromax), doxycycline (sold under a few brand names), ofloxacin (Floxin) or levofloxacin (levaquin). Trichomoniasis is managed with the antibiotic metronidazole. If you are allergic to any of these anti-infection agents, prescription medications can be provided.
Nếu bạn có mụn rộp sinh dục, an antiviral pharmaceutical can be recommended. This could be acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir) or valacyclovir (Valtrex). You should use the drug for up to 10 days the first occasion when you develop genital herpes. For repetitive herpes flare-ups, you can take the pharmaceutical for three to five days.
If you are determined to have a sexually transmitted disease, it is vital to tell any current sexual partners that they should see a healthcare professional for testing and treatment.
Cervicitis caused by damage or an IUD is treated with an antibiotic focused to the sort of microscopic bacteria. The related swelling will improve inside days to fourteen days. It will assist to stay away from sex until the point when side effects improve to avoid additional irritation to the cervix.
If you have recurring pain amid intercourse, another vaginal secretion or excretion that has changed in coloring, or if you have vaginal spotting or leaking between periods, you should determine to make an appointment with a healthcare provider.
If your symptoms additionally encompass fever or stomach pain, see a physician as quickly as time permits.
What is the Prognosis
Cervicitis will leave within a couple of days to seven days after you begin taking antibiotics. If you have pelvic inflammatory disease, it might take half a month to treat the infection. Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause more major issues, ví dụ, barrenness or pain from scar tissue. In spite of the fact that these extra conditions can be dealt with, they in some cases require surgery.
Cervicitis once in a while returns if that it is treated with the suitable antibiotic unless you get another STD or STI from a sexual partner. Genital herpes cannot be cured. Be that as it may, if you develop the repetitive illness, you can decrease the recurrence and seriousness of outbreaks by taking antiviral medications.