Dermatitis is a general term that represents a swelling of the skin. Дерматит може мати багато причин, і відбувається в багатьох формах. It normally involves an itchy rash on the swollen or reddened skin.
Skin affected by dermatitis may blister, ooze, develop a crust or flack off. Examples of dermatitis combine atopic dermatitis (екзема) dandruff and rash caused by contact with any of some substances, such as poison ivy, soaps and jewelry with nickel in it.
Dermatitis is a common condition that’s not contagious, but it can make you feel uncomfortable and self-conscious care steps, and medications can help you treat dermatitis.
симптоми & Causes of Dermatitis
Each type of dermatitis may look a little different and tends to occur on different parts of your body. The most common types of dermatitis include:
Atop dermatitis (екзема). Usually beginning in infancy, the red, itchy rash most commonly happens where the skin flexes – inside the elbows, behind the knees and the front of the neck. When scraped, the rash can leak fluid and scabbed over. Individuals with atopic dermatitis may experience improvement and the flare-ups.
Contact dermatitis. This rash occurs in an area of the body that have come into contact with substances and materials that either irritate the skin or develop an allergic reaction, such as poison ivy essential oils, мив. The red rash can burn, sting or itch blisters may develop.
Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition causes scaly patches, почервоніння шкіри, and stubborn dandruff. It normally affects oily areas of the body such as the face back and upper chest. It can be a long term condition with periods of remission, and flare -ups in infants, this disorder is known as the cradle cap.
Коли звернутися до лікаря:
See your doctor if:
You are so uncomfortable that you are losing sleep or are distracted from your daily routines.
Your skin becomes painful
You suspect your skin is infected
You have tried self -self-care steps without success.
Some health conditions, алергії, genetic factors and irritants can develop different types of dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (екзема) This kind of dermatitis is possibly related to a mix of factors, encompassing dry skin, a gene mutation, an immune system malfunction bacteria on the skin and environmental conditions.
Contact dermatitis, This ailment results from direct contact with one of many irritants of allergens – such as poison ivy, sanitation products, cosmetics, perfumes, jewelry containing nickel and even the preservative many creams and lotions.
Seborrheic dermatitis. This condition may be generated by a yeast (fungus) that is in the oil discharge on the skin. People with seborrheic dermatitis may see their condition tends to come and go depending on the season.
Some factors can increase your risk of developing particular types of dermatitis. Examples include :
Age Dermatitis can occur at any age, but atopic dermatitis (екзема ) usually beings in infancy.
Allergies and asthma. People who have a person or family history of eczema allergies, asthma, hay fever are more likely to develop atopic dermatitis.
окупаційний, Employment that puts you into contact with certain metals, solvents or cleaning supplies raise your risk of contact dermatitis. Working as a health care worker is linked to hand eczema.
Health conditions – You may be at increased risk of seborrheic dermatitis if you have one of some conditions, such as congestive heart failure, Хвороба Паркінсона, and HIV.
Scratching the itchy rash linked with dermatitis can cause open sores, which may become infected. These skin infections can grow and seldom become life-threatening.
Your physician may diagnose dermatitis after speaking with you about your signs and symptoms and analyzing your skin. He or she may also suggest doing a skin biopsy or other test to help rule out other skin conditions.
If your doctor believes you have contact dermatitis, he or she might administer patch testing on your skin. У цьому тесті, small measures of various substances are applied to your skin under an adhesive covering.
During return visits over the next serval days, your doctor examines your skin to see if you’ve reacted to any of the substances. Цей тип тестування найкраще здійснюється принаймні два тижні після того, як ваш дерматит прояснилося, коли він найбільш корисний для визначення, якщо у Вас є конкретні контактні алергії.
Лікування дерматиту відкладає на основі ситуації і досвіду кожної людини умови. Це включає в себе рекомендації способу життя і домашні засоби, перераховані нижче; більшість планів лікування дерматиту включають один або декілька з наступних:
Використання кортикостероїдних кремів
Utilizing certain creams or lotions that influence your immune system (calcineurin inhibitors)
Exposing the affected area to measured sums of natural or synthetic light (світлолікування)
Many alternative therapies have assisted some people to gain control of their dermatitis. But evidence for their effectiveness isn’t conclusive. Вони включають в себе:
Dietary supplements, such as probiotics and vitamin D, for atopic dermatitis
Rice bran broth (applied to the skin) for atopic dermatitis
Олія чайного дерева, either individually or added to your shampoo, for seborrheic dermatitis
Fish oil supplements for seborrheic dermatitis
Aloe vera for seborrheic dermatitis
If you’re thinking about dietary supplements or other alternative therapies, talk with your doctor about their pros and cons.
Спосіб життя і домашні засоби –
These steps can help you manage dermatitis
Use nonprescription anti-inflammation and anti-itch products. Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion can momentarily relieve inflammation and itching. Oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl, інші), may be helpful is severe, Diphenhydramine may cause drowsiness and showing of the urinary stream.
Apply cool, wet compresses. This promotes soothing your skin.
Take a comfortably warm bath. Place your bath water with uncooked oatmeal or colloidal oatmeal – a finely ground oatmeal that I made for the bathtub. Soak for 5- 10 хвилин, pat dry and apply moisturizer.
- Take a bleach bath. This may people with severe atopic dermatitis bay decreasing the bacteria on the skin, Add 1/2 cup (про 118 мілілітрів) or household bleach, not concentrated bleach, to a 40-gallon (about 151-liter) bathtub filled with warm water. Measures are for a U.S. standard- standard -sized tub filled with the overflow drainage holes.
- Avoid scraping and scratching. Wrap the itchy area with a dressing if you can not keeping from scratching it. Trim nails and wear gloves at night.
Wear cotton clothing. Smoothin- textured cotton clothing can help you avoid-irritating the affected area.
- Choose mild laundry detergent – SInce your clothes, beddings, and towels touch your skin choose soft/mild unscented laundry products.
- Moisturize your skin. Regularly using moisturizers can decrease the severity of atopic dermatitis. For mild forms of the condition, moisturizer may be the primary form of treatment.
- Уникайте подразники. For contact dermatitis mainly, try to minimize contact with the substances and materials that caused you a rash.
- Utilize stress management methods. Emotional stressors can trigger flare ups of some types of dermatitis. Techniques such as relaxation of biofeedback may help.
Avoiding dry skin may be one component in helping you to stop dermatitis. This tip can help you minimize the drying effect of bathing on your skin.
Take quicker baths or showers. Restrict your baths and showers to 5 до 10 хвилин. And use warm, rather than hot, water. Bath oil also may be helpful.
Ue nonsoap cleansers or gentle soaps. Choose fragrance-free nonsoap cleansers or mild soaps. Some soaps can dry your skin.
Dry yourself off carefully. After bathing, wipe your skin rapidly with the palms of your hands, or gently pat your skin dry with a soft towel.
Moisturize your skin. While your skill is still damp, seal in moisture with oil or cream. Try different products to find the item that serves your needs. Ideally, the best one for you will be safe, affordable, unscented and most of all, effective.