What is Chickenpox (Varicella)

Chickenpox is a viral infection formed by the varicella-zoster virus VZV. It causes fevers, tiredness itchiness and blistery rashes to across the body. Вітрянка . The rash starts on the trunk and face and then spreads to the rest of the body forming anywhere bet on 200- 500 itchy blisters. Chickenpox is a highly contagious s virus to people who have not had it before or were not vaccinated.

Transmission

Virtually everyone has been infected with once he or she reach adulthood, in some cases with serious complications. Chickenpox is an airborne disease that spreads through, дихання, кашляющий, sneezing and-and touching various particles with the virus that come into contact with chickenpox blisters.

In most cases chickenpox is a mild disease. проте, it is best to get vaccinated. The chickenpox vaccine is a safe and effective way to preventing chickenpox and potential complications. Before the chickenpox vaccine over 4 million people would get chickenpox every year. майже 11,000 people were hospitalized for a chickenpox-related illness and 100 до 150 died each year as a result of contracting chickenpox. It is best to avoid contact with people who have chickenpox. A person wit chickenpox becomes contagious 1 до 2 days before blisters appears upon their skin.

It takes 10-25 days after initial exposure to chickenpox/shingles virus for a person to develop chickenpox.

Even a vaccinated person with chickenpox can spread the disease to others. В більшості випадків, people who have gotten chickenpox once develop immunity for life, although there are rare cases where people have gotten the disease twice.

The vast majority of chickenpox cases occur in children before the age of 10. The disease is mostly mild. Older children and adults who have Chickenpox are usually sicker than younger children who have it.

Severe cases occur more common in children who have compromised or weaken immune systems from ailments or medicines such as steroids or chemotherapy

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is a member of the herpesvirus family. This virus is also the cause of Shingles (herpes zoster) within adults.

симптомиchicken-pox

The chickenpox virus usually lasts between five to 10 днів. The rash is the most common and visible sign that someone has chickenpox. There are other signs that begin to appear one to two days before the rash
включаючи:

  • Втрата апетиту
  • головний біль
  • Tiredness and feeling of exhaustion
  • лихоманка
Phases of chickenpox
Phases of chickenpox

After the initial rash appears, there are three stages that it goes through, bumps, blisters, and scabbed lesions

  1. Rash bumps (папули), with are pink or red bumps that breakout every couple of dais.
  2. Vesicles or fluid-filled blisters develop from the bumps over the next day then they break and leak fluid.
  3. These blisters dry out, crust and form scabs, then take several more days to heal completely.
  4. You may see new bumps continue to appear over the next few days. Once infected, the virus spreads for up to 48 hours before the rash appears. You contagious until the blisters crust over.Individuals who are vaccinated can still get chickenpox though the symptoms are usually milder with a mild or no fever and fewer blisters.

Although chickenpox typically is a mild disease, you should always consult the doctor, He or she can diagnose that this is a case of chickenpox.

If you think you or your child may have chickenpox, you should call your doctor. Make sure that you call ahead of your appointment to ensure you are not in the waiting with others as you can spread it to other people in the waiting room. The doctor care is very important in cases where are complications.

ускладнення

Complicationscan occur, but are not very common in individuals, who have the disease and, that are considered healthy,
People who may develop more severe symptoms and experience high risk for complications include the following:

  • підлітки
  • дорослі
  • Вагітна жінка – Chickenpox affect pregnant women and several different ways, by causing a variety of problems in newborns, from low birth weight and birth defects, such as abnormalities in limbs to life-threatening infections in the newborn.
  • діти
  • People who have weakened immunes, such as people with cancer or HIV/AIDs
  • Patent with organ transplants
  • People on immunosuppressive medications or steroids.

Chickenpox serious complications include the following:

  • запаморочення, дезорієнтація, loss of muscle coordination
  • Tremors and restlessness
  • блювота
  • Worrying cough
  • запалення легенів
  • дегідратація
  • Bleeding problems
  • Blood stream infections (сепсис)
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • Joint infections
  • Bone infractions
  • Inflammation of infections from the brain(cerebellar ataxia, encephalitis)
    Bacterial Infections that occur in soft tissue and skin of children who are Group A streptococcal.

на жаль, some people become so sick from chickenpox, that they have to be hospitalized. Some people had died because of it as well.
Chickenpox deaths due occur in cases with health and unvaccinated children and adults. У багатьох випадках, healthy adults have contracted the disease from their unvaccinated children.

Exams and Test

Health care providers can usually give you quick diagnoses of chickenpox by looking at the rashes and asking medical history questions. Small blisters on the scalp often will confirm that it is checkenpox. Medical professionals will run laboratory test to confirm the diagnosis.

home-remedies-for-chickenpoxChickenpox Treatment

Treating chickenpox, mostly involves keeping the person conformable
Its good to avoid scratching and rubbing the itchy areas. You should keep fingernails short to prevent damaging the skin from scratching.

Wear cool, light, loose bedclothes. Do not wear rough clothing, especially wool, over an itchy area.
You should take lukewarm baths using a little soap and rinse completely. Try an oatmeal or cornstarch bath to sooth the skin
Use a soothing moisturizer after bathing to relax and cool the skin.
Avoid extended exposure to extreme heat and humidity.

You can buy over-the-counter oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl), проте, be aware of side effects such as drowsiness. There may also be over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream viable to apply on itchy areas.

There are medications that attack the chickenpox virus are available but may not be given to everyone. For these medications to work well, the medicine often needs to be applied within the first 24 hours of the rash.

Healthy children, who do not have severe symptoms and no complications, are not normally given antiviral medications. People who are at risk of more severe symptoms developing may benefit from antiviral medication if it is given early on.
Antiviral medication can be very important in individuals who have lung conditions (such as asthma), or who have recently taken steroids. People with skin diseases (such as eczema or recent sunburn),
Doctors may also give antiviral medicines to people in the same household, who also develop chickenpox, because they will likely develop more severe symptoms.
Ви не повинні давати ібупрофен або аспірин для тих, хто, можливо, хворий на вітрянку. Використання аспірину було пов'язано з синдромом Reyes; серйозне стан Ібупрофен було пов'язано з більш важкими вторинними інфекціями. ацетамінофен (Tylenol) може бути використаний.

Дитина не повинна відвідувати школу або будь-які інші функції, поки все болячки зникли і просушити і кірку. Те ж правило буде застосовуватися до дорослих, які збираються повернутися до роботи.
прогноз (прогноз)
В більшості випадків, людина одужує без ускладнень.

Після того, як хтось мав вітрянку, the virus will remain dormant for the rest of his or her lifetime. про 1 and ten people have the virus reemerge and develop shingles during a period of stress.


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